THE PUNJAB TENANCY ACT, 1887

(Act XVI of 1887)

C O N T E N T S

 

Section                                Heading

 

Chapter I

Preliminary

        1.           Title, extent and commencement.

        2.           [Repealed]

        3.           [Repealed]

        4.           Definitions.

 

Chapter II

Right of Occupancy

        5.           Tenants having right of occupancy.

        6.           Right of occupancy of other tenants recorded as having the right before passing of Punjab Tenancy Act, 1868.

        7.           Right of occupancy in land taken in exchange.

        8.           Establishment of right of occupancy on grounds other than those expressly stated in Act.

        9.           Right of occupancy not to be acquired by mere lapse of time.

       10.          Right of occupancy not to be acquired by joint owner in land held in joint ownership.

       11.          Continuance of existing occupancy rights.

 

Chapter III

Rent

Rents generally

       12.          Respective rights of land-lord and tenant to produce.

       13.          Commutation and alteration of rent.

       14.          Payments for land occupied without consent of landlord.

       15.          Collection of rents of undivided property.

     15-A.       Rights and liabilities regarding rent and government dues.

Produce rent

       16.          Presumption with respect to produce removed before division or appraisement.

       17.          Appointment of referee for division or appraisement.

       18.          Appointment of assessors and procedure of referee.

       19.          Procedure after division or appraisement.

       20.          Enhancement of produce rents of occupancy tenants.

       21.          Reduction of rents referred to in the last foregoing section.

Cash-rents paid by tenants

having rights of occupancy

       22.          Enhancement of cash rents of occupancy tenants.

       23.          Reduction of rent referred to in the last foregoing section.

General provisions relating to suits

for enhancement or reduction of rent

       24.          Enhancement and reduction of rent by suit.

       25.          Discretion as to extent of enhancement or reduction.

       26.          Time for enhancement or reduction to take effect.

Adjustment of rents expressed

in terms of the land-revenue.

       27.          Adjustment of rents expressed in terms of the land revenue.

Adjustment of rents paid by occupancy tenants

in Attock District.

     27-A.       Adjustment of rents paid by occupancy tenants in Attock District.

Alteration of rent on alteration of area

       28.          Alteration of rent on alteration of area.

Remission

       29.          Remission of rent by Courts decreeing arrears.

       30.          Remission and suspension of rent consequent on like treatment of land revenue.

Deposits

       31.          Power to deposit rent in certain cases with Revenue Officer.

       32.          Effect of depositing rent.

Recovery of rent from attached produce

       33.          Recovery of rent from attached produce.

Leases for period exceeding term

of assessment of land revenue

       34.          Treatment of leases for period exceeding or equal to term of assessment of land revenue.

 

Chapter IV

Relinquishment, Abandonment

and Ejectment

Relinquishment

       35.          Relinquishment by tenant for a fixed term.

       36.          Relinquishment by any other tenant.

       37.          Relinquishment of part only of a tenancy.

Abandonment

       38.          Abandonment of tenancy by occupancy tenant.

Liability to ejectment

       39.          Grounds of ejectment of occupancy tenant.

       40.          Grounds of ejectment of tenant for a fixed term.

       41.          Ejectment of tenant from year to year.

Procedure on ejectment

       42.          Restriction on ejectment.

       43.          Application to Revenue Officer for ejectment.

       44.          Ejectment for failure to satisfy decree for arrear of rent.

       45.          Ejectment of tenant from year to year by notice.

       46.          Power to make rules.

General provisions respecting ejectment

       47.          Time for ejectment.

       48.          Relief against forfeiture.

       49.          Rights of ejected tenants in respect of crops and land prepared for sowing.

Relief for wrongful dispossession

       50.          Relief of wrongful dispossession or ejectment.

     50-A.       Bar to civil suits.

       51.          Bar of relief by suit under section 9, Act I of 1877.

Power to vary dates prescribed by this Chapter

       52.          Power of Provincial Government to fix dates for certain purposes.

 

Chapter V

Alienation of, And Succession to,

Right of Occupancy

Alienation

     52-A.       Provisions of Chapter V not to apply to muqarraridars.

       53.          Private transfer of right of occupancy under section 5 by tenant.

       54.          Procedure on foreclosure of mortgage of right of occupancy under section 5.

       55.          Sale of right of occupancy under section 5 in execution of decree.

       56.          Transfer of right of occupancy under any other section than section 5.

       57.          Rights and liabilities of transferee of right of occupancy.

       58.          Sub-letting.

     58-A.       Transfer of right of occupancy under any section of the Act by exchange.

Succession

       59.          Succession to right of occupancy.

Irregular transfers

       60.          Irregular transfer of right of occupancy.

 

Chapter V-A

Succession to Non-occupancy Tenancies.

     60-A.       Succession to non-occupancy tenancies.

 

Chapter VI

Improvements and Compensation

Improvements by landlords

       61.          Improvements by landlords on tenancies of occupancy tenants.

       62.          Enhancement of rent in consideration of an improvement made by a landlord on the tenancy of an occupancy tenant.

Improvements by tenants

       63.          Title of occupancy tenant to make improvements.

       64.          Title of tenants not having right of occupancy to make improvements.

       65.          Improvements made before commencement of this Act.

       66.          Improvements begun in anticipation of ejectment.

       67.          Tender of lease for twenty years to tenant to be a bar to right to compensation.

       68.          Liability to pay compensation for improvements to tenants on ejectment or on enhancement of his rent.

Compensation for disturbance of clearing tenants

       69.          Compensation for disturbance of clearing tenants.

Procedure in determining compensation

       70.          Determination of compensation by Revenue Court.

       71.          Determination of compensation by Revenue Officers.

       72.          Matters to be regarded in assessment of compensation for improvements.

       73.          Form of compensation.

Relief in case of ejectment before

determination of compensation

       74.          Relief in case of ejectment before determination of compensation.

 

Chapter VII

Jurisdiction and Procedure

Jurisdiction

       75.          Revenue Officers.

       76.          Applications and proceedings cognizable by Revenue Officers.

       77.          Revenue Courts and suits cognizable by them.

                     Procedure where revenue matter is raised in a Civil Court.

Administrative control

       78.          Superintendence and control of Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts.

       79.          Power to distribute business and withdraw and transfer cases.

Appeal, Review And Revision

       80.          Appeals.

       81.          Limitation for appeals.

       82.          Review by Revenue Officers.

       83.          Computation of periods limited for appeals and applications for review.

       84.          Power to call for, examine and revise proceedings of Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts.

Procedure

       85.          Procedure of Revenue Officers.

       86.          Persons by whom appearances may be made before Revenue Officers as such and not as Revenue Courts.

       87.          Costs.

       88.          Procedure of Revenue Courts.

       89.          Power of Revenue Officer or Revenue Court to summon persons.

       90.          Mode of service of summons.

       91.          Mode of service of notice, or order or proclamation or copy thereof.

       92.          Additional mode of publishing proclamation.

       93.          Joinder of tenants as parties to proceeding relating to rent.

       94.          Exception of suits under this Act from operation of certain enactments.

       95.          Payment into Court of money admitted to be due to a third person.

       96.          Execution of decree for arrears of rent.

       97.          Prohibition of imprisonment of tenants in execution of decrees for arrears of rent.

       98.          Power to refer party to Civil Court.

       99.          Power to refer to High Court questions as to jurisdiction.

      100.         Power of High Court to validate proceedings held under mistake as to jurisdiction.

Miscellaneous

      101.         Place of sitting.

      102.         Holidays.

      103.         Discharge of duties of Collector dying or being disabled.

      104.         Retention of powers by Revenue Officer on transfer.

      105.         Conferment of powers of Revenue Officer or Revenue Court.

      106.         Power of Board of Revenue to make rules.

      107.         Rules to be made after previous publication.

      108.         Powers exercisable by Board of Revenue from time to time.

 

Chapter VIII

Effect of this Act on

Records-of-Rights and Agreements

      109.         Nullity of certain entries in records-of-rights.

      110.         Nullity of certain agreements contrary to the Act.

      111.         Saving of other agreements when in writing.

      112.         Effect of certain entries made in records-of-rights before November, 1871.

      113.         Nothing but rent or seed supplied recoverable.

      114.         Extinction of occupancy tenancies.

    114-A.      Extinction of Muqarraridari rights.

    114-B.       Removal of doubts.

      115.         Limits of holding for personal cultivation.

      116.         Offences.

 

The Schedule

[Repealed]

 

 

THE PUNJAB TENANCY ACT, 1887

(Act XVI of 1887)

[23 September 1887]

 

An Act to amend the law relating to the tenancy of land in the Punjab.

 

      WHEREAS it is expedient to amend the law relating to the tenancy of land in the Punjab;

      It is hereby enacted as follows:-

 

Chapter I

Preliminary

1.   Title, extent and commencement.– (1) This Act may be called the Punjab Tenancy Act, 1887.

      [1][(2)  It extends to the whole of the Punjab]; and

      (3)  It shall come into force on such day as the [2][Provincial Government], by notification, appoint in this behalf.

 

2.   [Power to make rules in anticipation of commencement]. Repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 (XII of 1891], section 2(1).

 

3.     [Repeal]. Repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1891 (XII of 1891)].

 

4.   Definitions.– In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context:-

      (1)  “Land” means land which is not occupied as the site of any building in a town or village and is occupied or has been let for agricultural purposes or for purposes subservient to agriculture or for pasture, and includes the sites of buildings and other structures on such land:

      [3][(1-A)   “Government” shall, unless the context otherwise provides, mean the Provincial Government]:

      (2)  “pay”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, includes, when used with reference to rent, “deliver” and “render”, with their grammatical variations and cognate expressions:

      (3)  “rent” means whatever is payable to a land-lord in money, kind or service by a tenant on account of the use or occupation of land held by him; [4][but it shall not include any cess, village cess or other contribution or due or any free personal service]:

      (4)  “arrear of rent” means rent which remains unpaid after the date on which it becomes payable:

      (5)  “tenant” means a person who holds land under another person, and is or but for a special contract would be, liable to pay rent for that land to that other person: but it does not include–

            (a)  [5][* * * * * * * * * * *]

            (b)  a mortgagee of the rights of a land-owner, or

            (c)  a person to whom a holding has been transferred, or an estate or holding has been let in farm, under the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [6][1967], for the recovery of an arrear of land revenue or of a sum recoverable as such an arrear, or

            (d) a person who takes from the [7][Government] a lease of unoccupied land for the purpose of sub-letting it:

        (6)   “land-lord” means a person under whom a tenant holds land, and to whom the tenant is or but for a special contract would be, liable to pay rent for that land:

      (7)  “tenant” and “land-lord” include the predecessors and successors-in-interest of a tenant and land-lord, respectively:

      (8)  “tenancy” means a parcel of land held by a tenant of a land-lord under one lease or one set of conditions:

      (9)  “estate”, “land-owner” and “holding” have the meanings respectively assigned to those words in the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [8][1967]:

      (10)   “land revenue” means land revenue assessed under any law for the time being in force or assessable under the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [9][1967], and includes–

               (a)  any rate imposed in respect of the increased value of land due to irrigation; and

               (b)  any sum payable in respect of land, by way of quitrent or of commutation for service, to the [10][Government] or to a person to whom the [11][Government] has assigned the right to receive the payment:

      (11)   “rates and cesses” means rates and cesses which are primarily payable by land-owners, and includes–

               (a)  [12][* * * * * * * * * * *]

               (b)  the local rate, if any, payable under the [13][Punjab Local Government Ordinance, 2001];

               (c)  any annual rate chargeable on owners of lands under section 59 of the[14][* * *] Canal and Drainage Act, 1873;

               (d) the [15][* * *] village officer’s, cesses; and

               (e)  sums payable on account of village expenses:

    [16][(12)  “village cess” means any cess, contribution or due which is customarily leviable, from land-owners and non-land-owners alike, within an estate for the common purposes of the inhabitants thereof, and is neither a payment for the use of any private property or for personal service, nor imposed by or under any enactment for the time being in force, and does not mean any cess, contribution or due leviable, for the benefit of any individual residents or class of residents in the estate, or in relation to any property which is not meant for the common use of all the residents:

      Explanation– If any question arises whether any cess, contribution or due is or is not a village cess, the decision of the [17][Board of Revenue] shall be conclusive and shall not be liable to be questioned in any Court]:

      (13)   “Village Officer” means a chief headman, headman or Patwari:

      (14)   “Revenue Officer” or “Revenue Court”, in any provision of this Act, means a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court having authority under this Act to discharge the functions of a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court, as the case may be, under that provision:

      (15)   “Jagirdar” includes any person, other than a village servant, to whom the land revenue of any land has been assigned in whole or in part [18][by the Government] or by [19][a servant of the State]:

      (16)   “legal practitioner” means any legal practitioner within the meaning of the Legal Practitioners Act, 1879, except a mukhtar:

      (17)   “agricultural year” means the year commencing on the sixteenth day of June, or on such other date as the [20][Provincial Government] may, by notification appoint for any local area:

      (18)   “notification” means a notification published by authority of the [21][Provincial Government] or [22][the Board of Revenue] in the Official Gazette:

      (19)   “improvement” means with reference to a tenancy, any work which is suitable to the tenancy and consistent with the conditions on which it is held, by which the value of the tenancy has been and continues to be increased, and which, if not executed on the tenancy, is either executed directly for its benefit, or is, after execution made directly beneficial to it;

      Explanation I– It includes, among other things–

      (a)  the construction of wells and other works for the storage or supply of water for agricultural purposes;

      (b)  the construction of works for drainage and for protection against floods;

      (c)  the planting of trees, the reclaiming, enclosing, levelling and terracing of land for agricultural purposes and other works of a like nature;

      (d) the erection of buildings required for the more convenient or profitable cultivation of a tenancy; and

      (e)  the renewal or reconstruction of any of the foregoing works, or such alterations therein, or additions thereto, as are not of the nature of mere repairs and as durably increase their value;

      But it does not include such clearances, embankments, levelling, enclosures, temporary wells and water channels as are made by tenants in the ordinary course of cultivation and without any special expenditure, or any other benefit accruing to land from the ordinary operations of husbandry;

      Explanation II– A work which benefits several tenancies may be deemed to be, with respect to each of them, an improvement;

      Explanation III– A work executed by a tenant is not an improvement if it substantially diminishes the value of any other part of his land-lord’s property; and

      [23][(20) “Muqarraridar” means any person who holds land in [24][the Attock and Rawalpindi District] and who, on the date of the commencement of the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952, was recorded in the revenue records as muqarraridar in respect of such land or who, after the said date, was so recorded with his consent and the consent of the proprietor of such land and includes the successors-in-interest of a muqarraridar.

 

Chapter II

Right of occupancy

5.   Tenants having right of occupancy.– (1) A tenant–

      (a)  who at the commencement of this Act has, for more than two generations in the male line of descent through a grandfather or grand uncle and for a period of not less than twenty years, been occupying land paying no rent therefore beyond the amount of the land revenue thereof and the rates and cesses for the time being chargeable thereon, or

      (b)  who having owned land, and having ceased to be land-owner thereof otherwise than by forfeiture to the Government or than by any voluntary act, has, since he ceased to be land-owner, continuously occupied the land, or

      (c)  who, in a village or estate in which he settled alongwith, or was settled by, the founder thereof as a cultivator therein, occupied land on the twenty-first day of October, 1868, and has continuously occupied the land since that date, or

      (d) who, being jagirdar of the estate or any part of the estate in which the land occupied by him is situate, has continuously occupied the land for not less than twenty years, or having been such jagirdar, occupied the land while he was jagirdar and has continuously occupied it for not less than twenty years,

has a right of occupancy in the land so occupied, unless, in the case of a tenant belonging to the class specified in clause (c), the land-lord proves that the tenant was settled on land previously cleared and brought under cultivation by, or at the expense of, the founder.

      (2)  If a tenant proves that he has continuously occupied land for thirty years and paid no rent therefor beyond the amount of the land revenue thereof and the rates and cesses for the time being chargeable thereon, it may be presumed that he has fulfilled the conditions of clause (a) of sub-section (1).

      (3)  The words in that clause denoting natural relationship denote also relationship by adoption, including therein the customary appointment of an heir and relationship, by the usage of a religious community.

 

6.   Right of occupancy of other tenants recorded as having the right before passing of Punjab Tenancy Act, 1868.– A tenant recorded in a record-of-rights sanctioned by the [25][Provincial Government], before the twenty-first day of October, 1868, as a tenant having a right of occupancy in land which he has continuously occupied from the time of the preparation of that record, shall be deemed to have a right of occupancy in that land unless the contrary has been established by a decree of a competent Court in a suit instituted before the passing of this Act.

 

7.   Right of occupancy in land taken in exchange.– If the tenant has voluntarily exchanged the land, or any portion of the land, for merely occupied by him for other land belonging to the same land-lord, the land taken in exchange shall be held to be subject to the same right of occupancy as that to which the land given in exchange would have been subject if the exchange had not taken place.

 

8.   Establishment of right of occupancy on grounds other than those expressly stated in Act.– Nothing in the foregoing sections of this Chapter shall preclude any person from establishing a right of occupancy on any ground other than the grounds specified in those sections.

 

9.   Right of occupancy not to be acquired by mere lapse of time.– No tenant shall acquire a right of occupancy by mere lapse of time.

 

10.   Right of occupancy not to be acquired by joint owner in land held in joint ownership.– In the absence of a custom to the contrary, no one of several joint owners of land shall acquire a right of occupancy under this Chapter in land jointly owned by them.

 

11.   Continuance of existing occupancy rights.– Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing sections of this Chapter, a tenant who immediately before the commencement of this Act has a right of occupancy in any land under an enactment specified in any line of the first column of the following table shall, when this Act comes into force, be held to have, for all the purposes of this Act, a right of occupancy in that land under the enactment specified in the same line of the second column of the table:-


 



Punjab Tenancy Act, 1868

This Act

First Column

Second column

Section

Clause

Section

Sub-section

Clause

5

(1)

5

(1)

(a)

5

(2)

5

(1)

(b)

5

(3)

5

(1)

(c)

5

(4)

5

(1)

(d)

6

..

6

..

..

8

..

8

..

..

 

Chapter III

Rent

Rents generally

12.   Respective rights of land-lord and tenant to produce.– (1) The rent for the time being payable in respect of a tenancy shall be the first charge on the produce thereof.

      (2)  A tenant shall be entitled to tend, cut and harvest the produce of his tenancy in due course of husbandry without any interference on the part of his land-lord.

      (3)  Except where rent is taken by division of the produce, the tenant shall be entitled to the exclusive possession of the produce.

      (4)  Where rent is taken by division of the produce:-

            (a)  the tenant shall be entitled to the exclusive possession of the whole produce until it is divided;

            (b)  the land-lord shall be entitled to be present at, and take part in, the division of the produce; and

            (c)  when the produce has been divided, the land-lord shall be entitled to the possession of his share thereof.

 

13.   Commutation and alteration of rent.– (1) Where rent is taken by any of the following methods, namely:-

        (a)  by division or appraisement of the produce,

        (b)  by rates fixed with reference to the nature of the crops grown,

        (c)  by a rate on a recognised measure of area,

        (d) by a rent in gross on the tenancy, or

        (e)  partly by one of the methods specified in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of this sub-section and partly by another or others of them,

one of those methods shall not be commuted in whole or in part into another without the consent of both land-lord and tenant.

      (2)  In the absence of a contract or a decree or order of competent authority to the contrary, a tenant whose rent is taken by any of the methods specified in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub-section (1), or by the methods specified in clause (d) of that sub-section, shall not be liable to pay for a tenancy rent at any higher amount, as the case may be, than the rate or amount payable in respect of the tenancy for the preceding agricultural year.

 

14.   Payments for land occupied without consent of land-lord.– Any person in possession of land occupied without the consent of the land-lord shall be liable to pay for the use or occupation of that land at the rate of rent payable in the preceding agricultural year, or, if rent was not payable in that year, at such rate as the Court may determine to be fair and equitable.

 

15.   Collection of rents of undivided property.– When two or more persons are land-lords of a tenant in respect of the same tenancy, the tenant shall not be bound to pay part of the rent of his tenancy to one of those persons and part to another.

 

[26][15-A.      Rights and liabilities regarding rent and government dues.– Subject to the provisions of paragraph 25 of the Land Reforms Regulation [27][1972], the land-lord and the tenant shall share the produce in the same ratio in which they used to share it on the 20th day of December, 1971].

 

Produce rent

16.   Presumption with respect to produce removed before division or appraisement.– Where rent is taken by division or appraisement of the produce, if the tenant removes any portion of the produce at such a time or in such a manner as to prevent the due division or appraisement thereof, or deals therewith in a manner contrary to established usage, the produce may be deemed to have been as the fullest crop of the same description on similar land in the neighbourhood for that harvest.

 

17.   Appointment of referee for division or appraisement.– If either the land-lord or the tenant neglects to attend, either personally, or by agent, at the proper time for making the division or appraisement of the produce, or if there is a dispute about the division or appraisement, a revenue officer may, on the application of either party, appoint such person as he thinks fit to be a referee to divide or appraise the produce.

 

18.   Appointment of assessors and procedure of referee.– (1) When a Revenue Officer appoints referee under the last foregoing section, he may, in his discretion, give him instructions with respect to the association with himself of any other persons as assessors, the number, qualifications and selection of those assessors and the procedure to be followed in making the division or appraisement.

      (2)  The referee so appointed shall make the division or appraisement in accordance with any instructions which he may have received from the Revenue Officer under the last foregoing sub-section.

      (3)  Before making the division or appraisement, the referee shall give notice to the land-lord and the tenant of the time and place at which the division or appraisement will be made, but if either the land-lord or the tenant fails to attend either personally or by agent, the referee may proceed ex parte.

      (4)  For the purpose of making the division or appraisement, the referee, with his assessors, if any, may enter upon any land on which or into any building in which the produce is.

 

19.   Procedure after division or appraisement.– (1) The result of the division or appraisement shall be recorded and signed by the referee, and the record shall be submitted to the Revenue Officer.

      (2)  The Revenue Officer shall consider the record, and, after such further inquiry, if any, as he may deem necessary, shall make an order either confirming or varying the division or appraisement.

      (3)  The Revenue Officer shall also make such order as to the costs of the reference as he thinks fit.

      (4)  The costs may include the remuneration of the referee and of the assessors, if any, and may be levied from the applicant before the appointment of the referee subject to adjustment at the close of the proceedings.

 

20.   Enhancement of produce rents of occupancy tenants.– Where the rent of a tenant having a right of occupancy in any land is a share of the produce, or of the appraised value thereof, with or without an addition in money, or is paid according to rates fixed with reference to the nature of the crops grown, or is a rent in gross payable in kind, the tenant shall be entitled to occupy the land at that rent:

      Provided that, when the land or any part thereof previously not irrigated or flooded becomes irrigated or flooded, the rent in respect of the land or part may, subject to the provisions of this Act, be enhanced to the share or rates, or with reference to the rent in gross, as the case may be, paid by tenants, having a similar right of occupancy, for irrigated or flooded land of a similar description and with similar advantages.

 

21.   Reduction of rents referred to in the last foregoing section.– When the land, or any part of the land, held by a tenant having a right of occupancy to whom the last foregoing section applies ceases to be irrigated or flooded, the rent payable in respect of the land or part may be reduced to the share or rates, or with reference to the rent in gross, as the case may be, paid by tenants, having a similar right of occupancy, for unirrigated or unflooded land of similar description and with similar advantages.

 

Cash-rents paid by tenants having rights of occupancy

22.   Enhancement of cash rents of occupancy tenants.– (1) Where a tenant having a right of occupancy pays his rent entirely by a cash rate on a recognized measure of area or by a cash rent in gross on his tenancy, the rent may be enhanced on the ground that after deduction therefrom of the land revenue of, and the rates and cesses chargeable on the tenancy, it is–

        (a)  if the tenant belongs to the class specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 5, less than two annas per rupee of the amount of the land revenue;

        (b)  if he belongs to any of the classes specified in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of that sub-section, less than six annas per rupee of the amount of the land revenue;

        (c)  if he belongs to the class specified in section 6, or if his right of occupancy is established under section 8 and his rent is not regulated by contract, less than twelve annas per rupee of the amount of the land revenue.

      (2)  In a case to which sub-section (1) applies, the rent may be enhanced to an amount not exceeding two, six or twelve annas per rupee of the amount of the land revenue, as the case may be, in addition to the amount of the land revenue of the tenancy and the rates and cesses chargeable thereon.

   [28][(3)  For the purposes of this section, a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be a tenant of the class specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 5].

 

23. Reduction of rent referred to in the last foregoing section.– The rent payable by a tenant to whom the last foregoing section applies may be reduced on the ground that the productive powers of his tenancy have been decreased by a cause beyond his control.

 

General provisions relating to suits

for enhancement or reduction of rent

24.   Enhancement and reduction of rent by suit.– (1) A Revenue Court, on the suit of either land-lord or tenant, may, subject to the provisions of this and other sections of this Act, enhance or reduce the rent of any tenant having a right of occupancy.

      (2)  Where a decree for the enhancement of the rent of such a tenant has been passed under the Punjab Tenancy Act, 1868, a suit for a further enhancement of his rent shall not lie till the expiration of five years from the date of the decree, unless in the meantime the local area in which the land comprised in the decree, is situate, has been generally reassessed and the revenue payable in respect of that land has been increased.

      (3)  Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), a suit instituted for the enhancement of the rent of a tenant having a right of occupancy shall not be entertained in either of the following cases, namely:-

            (a)  if within the ten years next preceding its institution his rent has been commuted under section 13 or enhanced under this section;

            (b)  if within that period a decree has been passed under this Act dismissing on the merits a suit for the enhancement of his rent;

unless the land or some part of the land comprised in his tenancy, not having been irrigated, or flooded at the time of such commutation, enhancement or decree, has become irrigated or flooded.

      [29][(4) For the purposes of this section a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be a tenant having a right of occupancy].

 

25.   Discretion as to extent of enhancement or reduction.– In enhancing or reducing the rent of any land, under the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, the Court shall, within the limits prescribed by those provisions, enhance or reduce the rent to such an amount as it considers fair and equitable, but shall not in any case fix the rent at a sum less than the amount of the land revenue of the land and the rates and cesses chargeable thereon.

 

26.   Time for enhancement or reduction to take effect.– (1) Unless the Court decreeing an enhancement of rent otherwise directs, the enhancement shall take effect from the commencement of the agricultural year next following the date of the decree.

      (2)  A Court decreeing a reduction of rent shall specify in the decree the date on and from which the reduction is to take effect.

 

Adjustment of rents expressed in terms of the land-revenue.

27.   Adjustment of rents expressed in terms of the land revenue.– (1) Where the rent of a tenancy is the whole or a share of the land revenue thereof, with or without an addition in money, kind or service and the land revenue of the holding in which the tenancy is situate is altered, a Revenue Officer having authority under section [30][67] of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [31][1967], to determine the land revenue payable in respect of the several holdings comprised in the estate in which the tenancy is situate shall determine also the amount of the land revenue of the tenancy, or the proportionate share thereof, payable by the tenant as rent.

      (2)  Where an addition referred to in sub-section (1) is a percentage fixed with reference to the land revenue of the tenancy, or the whole or a share of the rates and cesses chargeable thereon, or both, the Revenue Officer shall in like manner from time to time alter the amount of the addition in proportion to any alteration of such land revenue or rates and cesses.

      (3)  The sum or sums determined under the foregoing sub-sections, together with any addition previously payable other than the additions referred to in sub-section (2), shall be the rent payable in respect of the tenancy until there is again an alteration of the land revenue thereof or of the rates and cesses chargeable thereon or until the rent is enhanced by a suit under this Act.

      (4)  An alteration of rent under this section shall not be deemed an enhancement or reduction of rent within the meaning of this Act.

      [32][(5) For the purposes of this section a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be a tenant having a right of occupancy].

 

[33][Adjustment of rents paid by occupancy tenants in Attock District.

27-A.   Adjustment of rents paid by occupancy tenants in Attock District.– (1) Where a tenant having a right of occupancy in land in the Attock District pays wholly or partly in cash a rent not falling within the scope of section 27 and the land revenue of the holding in which the tenancy is situate is altered–

         a Revenue Officer having authority under section [34][67] of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [35][1967], to determine the land revenue payable in respect of the several holdings comprised in the estate in which the tenancy is situate may, by written order, and whether the rent was fixed by agreement or otherwise; and either upon the application of such tenant, or his land-lord, or of his own motion increase or diminish such rent if wholly payable in cash, or such portion thereof as is payable in cash, to such extent as appears to the Revenue Officer to be proper having regard to the matters specified in sub-section (2).

      (2)  In increasing or diminishing the rent of a tenancy under the provisions of sub-section (1) the Revenue Officer shall, for the purpose of deciding the extent of such increase or diminution, take into consideration only–

               (i)   the land revenue of, and the rates and cesses chargeable on, the tenancy before the land revenue of the holding in which it is situated was altered;

              (ii)   the land revenue of, and the rates and cesses chargeable on, the tenancy after such alteration; and

             (iii)   the methods by which the assessments of the land revenue in force before and after such alteration were calculated and distributed over the several holdings comprised in the estate in which the tenancy is situated.

      (3)  The rent determined as aforesaid shall be the rent payable in respect of the tenancy until there is again an alteration of the land revenue thereof or of the rates or cesses chargeable thereon, or until the rent is enhanced or reduced by a suit under this Act.

      (4)  For the purposes of this section a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be a tenant having a right of occupancy.

      (5)  An alteration of rent under this section shall not be deemed as an enhancement or reduction of rent within the meaning of this Act].

 

Alteration of rent on alteration of area

28.   Alteration of rent on alteration of area.– (1) Every tenant shall–

      (a)  be liable to pay additional rent for all land proved to be in excess of the area for which rent has been previously paid by him, unless it is proved that the excess is due to the addition to his tenancy of land which, having previously belonged to the tenancy, was lost by diluvion or otherwise without any reduction of the rent being made; and

      (b)  be entitled to an abatement of rent in respect of any deficiency proved to exist in the area of his tenancy as compared with the area for which rent has been previously paid by him, unless it is proved that the deficiency is due to the loss of land which was added to the area of the tenancy by alluvion or otherwise, and that an addition has not been made to the rent in respect of the addition to the area.

      (2)  In determining the area for which rent has been previously paid, the Court shall have regard to the following among other matters, namely:-

            (a)  the origin and conditions of the tenant’s occupancy, for instance whether the rent was a rent in gross or the entire tenancy;

            (b)  whether the tenant has been allowed to hold additional land in consideration of an addition to his total rent or otherwise with the knowledge and consent of the land-lord; and

            (c)  the length of time during which there has been no dispute as to rent or area.

      (3)  In adding to or abating rent under this section, the Court shall add to or abate the rent to such an amount as it deems to be fair and equitable, and shall specify in its decree the date on and from which the addition or abatement is to take effect.

      (4)  An addition to or abatement of rent under this section shall not be deemed an enhancement or reduction of rent within the meaning of this Act.

 

Remission

29.   Remission of rent by Courts decreeing arrears.– Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing sections of this Chapter, if it appears to a Court making a decree for an arrear of rent that the area of a tenancy has been so diminished by diluvion or otherwise, or that the produce thereof has been so diminished by drought, hail, deposit of sand or other like calamity, that the full amount of rent payable by the tenant cannot be equitably decreed, the Court may, with the previous sanction of the Collector, allow such remission from the rent payable by the tenant as may appear to it to be just.

 

30.   Remission and suspension of rent consequent on like treatment of land revenue.– [36][(1) Whenever the payment of the whole or any part of the land revenue payable in respect of any land is remitted or suspended, a Revenue Officer may, if the rent be payable in cash or be rent payable in kind of which the amount is fixed, by order, remit or suspend, as the case may be, the payment of the rent of that land to an amount which may bear the same proportion to the whole of the rent payable in respect of the land as the land revenue of which payment has been remitted or suspended bears to the whole land revenue payable in respect of land:

      Provided that in the case of an occupancy tenant, whose rent is of the nature hereinbefore in this sub-section described, the remission or suspension of the land revenue payable in respect of the land shall, in the absence of a written order by a Revenue Officer to the contrary carry with it a proportionate remission or suspension, as the case may be, of his rent.

      When the payment of the rent of any kind has been suspended under this clause it shall remain under suspension until the Collector orders the revenue of that land to be realized].

      (2)  An order passed under sub-section (1) shall not be liable to be contested by suit in any Court.

      (3)  A suit shall not lie for the recovery of any rent of which the payment has been remitted or during the period of suspension, of any rent of which the payment has been suspended.

      (4)  Where the payment of rent has been suspended, the period during which the suspension has continued shall be excluded in the computation of the period of limitation prescribed for a suit for the recovery of the rent.

   [37][(5)  If the land-lord collects from a tenant any rent of which the payment has been remitted, or is under suspension, the Revenue Officer may recover from the land-lord the amount or value of the rent so collected, and may also recover by way of penalty a further sum not exceeding such amount or value, and may cause to be refunded to the tenant the amount or value of the rent so collected from him].

      (6)  The provisions of this section relating to the remission and suspension of the payment of rent may be applied, so far as they can be made applicable, to land of which the land revenue has been released, compounded for or redeemed in any case in which if the land revenue in respect of the land had not been released, compounded for, or redeemed, the whole or any part of it might, in the opinion of the Revenue Officer, be remitted or suspended under the rules for the time being in force for regulating the remission and suspension of land revenue.

   [38][(7)  Any sum of which the recovery is ordered under sub-section (5) on account of rent or penalty may be recovered by the Collector as if it were an arrear of land revenue].

Deposits

31. Power to deposit rent in certain cases with Revenue Officer.– In either of the following cases, namely:-

      (a)  when a land-lord refuses to receive or grant a receipt for, any rent payable in money when tendered to him by a tenant;

      (b)  when a tenant is in doubt as to the person entitled to receive rent payable in money,

the tenant may apply to a Revenue Officer for leave to deposit the rent in his office, and the Revenue Officer shall receive the deposit, if, after examining the applicant, he is satisfied that there is sufficient ground for the application and if the applicant pays the fee, if any, chargeable for the issue of the notice next hereinafter referred to.

 

32. Effect of depositing rent.– (1) When a deposit has been so received it shall be deemed to be a payment made by the tenant to his land-lord in respect of rent due.

      (2)  The Revenue Officer receiving the deposit shall give notice of the receipt thereof to every person who, he has reason to believe, claims or is entitled to the deposit, and may pay the amount thereof to any person appearing to him to be entitled thereto, or may, if he thinks fit, retain the deposit pending the decision of a competent Court as to the person so entitled.

      (3)  No suit or other proceeding shall be instituted against the [39][Government], or against [40][any servant of the State], in respect of anything done by a Revenue Officer under this section, but nothing in this sub-section shall prevent any person entitled to receive the amount of any such deposit from recovering it from a person to whom it has paid by a Revenue Officer.

 

Recovery of rent from attached produce

33.   Recovery of rent from attached produce.– (1) If an order is made by any Court for the attachment of the produce of a tenancy, or of any part of a tenancy, the land-lord may apply to the Revenue Officer by whom the attachment is to be or has been made to sell the produce and pay to him out of the proceeds of the sale thereof the amount or value of–

      (a)  any rent which has fallen due to him in respect of the tenancy within the year immediately preceding the application, and

      (b)  the rent which will be falling due after the harvesting of the produce and is chargeable against it.

      (2)  The Revenue Officer shall give the person at whose instance the attachment was made an opportunity of showing cause why the application of the land-lord should not be granted, and, if he finds the land-lord’s claim to the whole or any part of the rent to be proved, he shall cause the produce or such portion thereof as he may deem necessary to be sold, and shall apply the proceeds of the sale in the first instance to satisfy the claim.

      (3)  The finding of the Revenue Officer under sub-section (2) shall have the force of a decree in a suit between the land-lord and the tenant.

 

Leases for period exceeding term of assessment of land revenue

34.   Treatment of leases for period exceeding or equal to term of assessment of land revenue.– (1) Where a lease has been granted, or an agreement has been entered into, by a land-owner in respect of any land assessed to land revenue fixing for a period exceeding the term for which the land revenue has been assessed, the rent or other sum payable in respect of the land under the lease or agreement, and that term has expired, the lease or agreement shall be voidable–

      (a)  at the option of the land-owner if the land revenue of the land has been enhanced and the person to whom the lease has been granted or with whom the agreement has been entered into refuses to pay such rent or other sum, as a Revenue Court, on the suit of the land-owner determines to be fair and equitable [41][or a Revenue Officer under the provisions of section 27-A has determined to be proper]; and

where the relation of land-lord and tenant exists between the grantor and grantee of the lease or between the persons who entered into the agreement–

      (b)  at the option of the tenant if the land revenue of the land has been reduced and the land-lord refuses to accept such rent as a Revenue Court, on the suit of the tenant, determines to be fair and equitable [42][or a Revenue Officer under the provisions of section 27-A has determined to be proper].

      (2)  Any agreement relative to the occupation, rent, profits or produce of any land which has been entered into for the term of the currency of an assessment shall, unless a contrary intention clearly appears in the agreement or the agreement is terminated by consent of parties or course of law, continue in force until a revised assessment takes effect.

 


Chapter IV

Relinquishment, abandonment and ejectment

Relinquishment

35. Relinquishment by tenant for a fixed term.– A tenant holding for a fixed term under a contract or a decree or order of competent authority may relinquish his tenancy without notice at the end of that term.

 

36. Relinquishment by any other tenant.– (1) Any other tenant may relinquish his tenancy by giving verbally or in writing to his land-lord, or to his land-lord’s agent, on or before the fifteenth day of January in any year, notice of his intention to relinquish the tenancy at the end of the agricultural year then current.

      (2)  The tenant may, instead of or in addition to, giving the notice in the manner mentioned in sub-section (1), apply to a Revenue Officer on or before the date aforesaid to cause the notice to be served on the land-lord and the Revenue Officer on receiving the cost of service from the tenant, shall cause the notice to be served as soon as may be.

      (3)  If the tenant does not give notice in the manner prescribed in this section, he shall be liable to pay the rent of his tenancy for any part of the ensuing agricultural year during which the tenancy is not let by the land-lord to some other person or is not cultivated by the land-lord himself.

 

37.   Relinquishment of part only of a tenancy.– A tenant cannot, without the consent of his land-lord, relinquish a part only of his tenancy.

 

Abandonment

38.   Abandonment of tenancy by occupancy tenant.– (1) If a tenant having a right of occupancy fails for more than one year without sufficient cause to cultivate his tenancy, either by himself or some other person, and to arrange for payment of the rent thereof as it falls due, the right of occupancy shall be extinguished from the end of that year.

      [43][(2) For the purposes of this section, a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be a tenant having a right of occupancy].

 

Liability to ejectment

39.   Grounds of ejectment of occupancy tenant.– (1) A tenant having a right of occupancy shall be liable to be ejected from his tenancy on any of the following grounds, namely:-

      (a)  that he has used the land comprised in the tenancy in a manner which renders it unfit for the purposes for which he held it;

      (b)  where rent is payable in kind, that he has without sufficient cause failed to cultivate that in the manner or to the extent customary in the locality in which the land is situate;

      (c)  when a decree for an arrear of rent in respect of his tenancy has been passed against him and remains unsatisfied.

   [44][(2)  For the purposes of this section a muqarraridar shall be deemed to be tenant having a right of occupancy].

 

40.   Grounds of ejectment of tenant for a fixed term.– A tenant not having a right of occupancy but holding for a fixed term under a contract or a decree or order of competent authority, shall be liable to be ejected from his tenancy at the expiration of that term, and, on any of the following grounds, before the expiration thereof, namely:-

      (a)  that he has used the land comprised in the tenancy in a manner which renders it unfit for the purposes for which he held it;

      (b)  where rent is payable in kind, that he has without sufficient cause failed to cultivate that land in the manner or to the extent customary in the locality in which the land is situate;

      (c)  on any ground which would justify ejectment under the contract, decree or order.

 

41.   Ejectment of tenant from year to year.– A tenant who has not a right of occupancy, and does not hold for a fixed term under a contract or a decree or order of competent authority, may be ejected at the end of any agricultural year.

 

Procedure on ejectment

42.   Restriction on ejectment.– A tenant shall not be ejected otherwise than in execution of a decree for ejectment, except in the following cases, namely:-

      (a)  when a decree for an arrear of rent in respect of his tenancy has been passed against him and remains unsatisfied;

      (b)  when the tenant has not a right of occupancy and does not hold for a fixed term under a contract or a decree or order of competent authority.

 

43.   Application to Revenue Officer for ejectment.– In any such case as is mentioned in clause (a) or clause (b) of the last foregoing section, the land-lord may apply to a Revenue Officer for the ejectment of the tenant in the case mentioned in the former clause or for the service on the tenant of a notice of ejectment in the case mentioned in the latter clause.

 

44.   Ejectment for failure to satisfy decree for arrear of rent.– (1) On receiving the application in any such case as is mentioned in clause (a) of section 42, the Revenue Officer shall, after such inquiry with respect to the existence of the arrear as he deems necessary, cause a notice to be served on the tenant, stating the date of the decree and the amount due thereunder, and informing him that if he does not pay that amount to the Revenue Officer within fifteen days from receipt of the notice he will be ejected from the land.

      (2)  If the amount is not so paid the Revenue Officer shall, subject to the provisions of this Act with respect to the payment of compensation, order the ejectment of the tenant unless good cause is shown to the contrary.

 

45.   Ejectment of tenant from year to year by notice.– (1) On receiving the application of the land-lord in any such case as is mentioned in clause (b) of section 42, the Revenue Officer shall, if the application is in order and not open to objection on the face of it, cause a notice of ejectment to be served on the tenant.

      (2)  A notice under sub-section (1) shall not be served after the fifteenth day of November in any [45][agricultural] year.

      (3)  The notice shall specify the name of the land-lord on whose application it is issued, and describe the land to which it relates, and shall inform the tenant that he must vacate the land before the first day of May next following, or that, if he intends to contest his liability to ejectment, he must institute a suit for this purpose in a Revenue Court within two months from the date of the service of the notice.

      (4)  The notice shall also inform the tenant that if he does not intend to contest his liability to be ejected and he has any claim for compensation on ejectment, he should within two months from the date of the service of the notice prefer his claim to the Revenue Officer having authority under the next following sub-section to order his ejectment in the circumstances described in that sub-section.

      (5)  If within two months from the date of the service of the notice the tenant does not institute a suit to contest his liability to be ejected, a Revenue Officer, on the application of the land-lord, shall, subject to the provisions of this Act with respect to the payment of compensation, order the ejectment of the tenant:

      Provided that the Revenue Officer shall not make the order until he is satisfied that the notice was duly served on the tenant.

      (6)  If within those two months the tenant institutes a suit to contest his liability to be ejected and fails in the suit, the Court by which the suit is determined shall by its decree direct the ejectment of the tenant.

 

46.   Power to make rules.– The [46][Board of Revenue] may make rules prescribing–

      (a)  the form and language of applications and notices under the two last foregoing sections; and

      (b)  the manner in which those applications and notices are to be signed and attested.

 

General provisions respecting ejectment

47.   Time for ejectment.– A decree or order for the ejectment of a tenant shall not be executed at any other time than between the first day of May and the fifteenth day of June (both days inclusive), unless the Court making the decree or where the order is made under section 44, the officer making the order, otherwise directs.

 

48.   Relief against forfeiture.– (1) If in a suit for the ejectment of a tenant on either of the grounds mentioned in clauses (a) and (b) of section 39 or of section 40 it appears to the Court that injury caused by the act or omission on which the suit is based is capable of being remedied, or that an award of compensation will be sufficient satisfaction to the land-lord therefor, the Court may, instead of making a decree for the ejectment of the tenant, order him to remedy the injury within a period to be fixed in the order, or order him to pay into Court, within such a period, such compensation as the Court thinks fit.

      (2)  The Court may from time to time, for special reasons, extend a period fixed by it under sub-section (1).

      (3)  If within the period, or extended period, as the case may be, fixed by the Court under this section, the injury is remedied or the compensation is paid, a decree for the ejectment of the tenant shall not be made.

 

49.   Rights of ejected tenants in respect of crops and land prepared for sowing.– (1) Where at the time of the proposed ejectment of a tenant from any land, his uncut or ungathered crops are standing on any part thereof, he shall not be ejected from that part until the crops have ripened and he has been allowed a reasonable time to harvest them.

      (2)  The Court or Revenue Officer decreeing or ordering the ejectment of the tenant may, on the application of the land-lord, determine any dispute arising in consequence of the provisions of sub-section (1) between the land-lord and tenant or between the land-lord and any person entitled to harvest the crops of the tenant, and may in its or his discretion–

            (a)  direct that the tenant pays for the longer occupation of the land secured to him under sub-section (1) such rent as may be fair and equitable, or

            (b)  determine the value of the tenant’s uncut and ungathered crops, and, on payment thereof by the land-lord to the Court or Revenue Officer, forthwith eject the tenant.

      (3)  When a tenant for whose ejectment proceedings have been taken has, conformably with local usage, prepared for sowing any land comprised in his tenancy, but has not sown or planted crops on that land, he shall be entitled to receive from the land-lord before ejectment a fair equivalent in money for the labour and capital expended by him in so preparing the land, and the Court or Revenue Officer before which or whom the proceedings are pending shall, on the application of the tenant, determine the sum payable to the tenant under this sub-section and stay his ejectment until that sum has been paid to him.

 

Relief for wrongful dispossession

50.   Relief of wrongful dispossession or ejectment.– In either of the following cases, namely:-

      (a)  if a tenant has been dispossessed without his consent of his tenancy or any part thereof otherwise than in execution of a decree or than in pursuance of an order under section 44 or section 45,

      (b)  if a tenant who, not having instituted a suit under section 45, has been ejected from his tenancy or any part thereof in pursuance of an order under that section denies his liability to be ejected,

the tenant may, within one year from the date of his dispossession or ejectment, institute a suit for recovery of possession or occupancy, or for compensation or for both.

 

[47][50-A. Bar to civil suits.– No person whose ejectment has been ordered by a Revenue Court under section 45, sub-section (6), or whose suit has been dismissed under section 50, may institute a suit in a Civil Court to contest his liability to ejectment, or to recover possession or occupancy rights, or to recover compensation].

 

51. Bar of relief by suit under section 9, Act I of 1877.– Possession of a tenancy or of any land comprised in a tenancy shall not be recoverable under section 9 of the Specific Relief Act, 1877, by a tenant dispossessed thereof.

 

Power to vary dates prescribed by this Chapter

52. Power of Provincial Government to fix dates for certain purposes.– (1) The [48][Provincial Government] may, for all or any of the territories under its administration, by notification, fix for the purposes of sections 36, 46 and 47, or of any of those sections, any other dates instead of those specified therein.

      (2)  A notification under this section shall not take effect till after the expiration of six months from the date of the publication thereof.

 

Chapter V

Alienation of, and Succession to, Right of Occupancy

Alienation

[49][52-A. Provisions of Chapter V not to apply to muqarraridars.– The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to muqarraridars].

 

53. Private transfer of right of occupancy under section 5 by tenant.– (1) A tenant having right of occupancy under section 5 may transfer that right by sale, gift or mortgage, subject to the conditions mentioned in the section.

      (2)  If he intends to transfer the right by sale, gift, mortgage by conditional sale or usufructuary mortgage, he shall cause notice of his intention to be served on his land-lord through a Revenue Officer, and shall defer proceeding with the transfer for a period of one month from the date on which the notice is served.

      (3)  Within that period of one month the land-lord may claim to purchase the right at such value as a Revenue Officer may, on application made to him in this behalf, fix.

      (4)  When the application to the Revenue Officer is to fix the value of a right of occupancy which is already mortgaged, he shall fix the value of the right as if it were not mortgaged.

      (5)  the land-lord shall be deemed to have purchased the right if he pays the value to the Revenue Officer within such time as that officer appoints.

      (6)  On the value being so paid, the right of occupancy shall be extinct, and the Revenue Officer shall, on the application of the land-lord, put the land-lord in possession of the tenancy.

      (7)  If the right of occupancy was already mortgaged, the tenancy shall pass to the land-lord unencumbered by the mortgage, but the mortgage-debt shall be a charge on the purchase money.

      (8)  If there is no such charge as aforesaid the Revenue Officer shall, subject to any directions which he may receive from any Court, pay the purchase-money to the tenant.

      (9)  If there is such a charge the Revenue Officer shall, subject as aforesaid either apply in discharge of the mortgage-debt so much of the purchase-money as is required for that purpose and pay the balance, if any, to the tenant, or retain the purchase-money pending the decision of a Civil Court as to the person or persons entitled thereto.

    (10)  Where there are several land-lords of a tenancy, any one of them may be deemed to be the land-lord for the purposes of this section.

    (11)  No suit or other proceeding shall be instituted against the [50][Government] or against [51][any servant of the State], in respect of anything done by a Revenue Officer under the two last foregoing sub-sections, but nothing in this sub-section shall prevent any person entitled to receive the whole or any part of the purchase-money from recovering it from a person to whom it has been paid by a Revenue Officer.

 

54.   Procedure on foreclosure of mortgage of right of occupancy under section 5.– Where a mortgagee of a right of occupancy under section 5 proposes to foreclose his mortgage, or otherwise enforce his lien on the land subject to the right, the provisions of the last foregoing section shall, so far as they can be made applicable, apply as if the mortgagee were the tenant.

 

55.   Sale of right of occupancy under section 5 in execution of decree.– (1) A right of occupancy under section 5 may be sold in execution of a decree or order of a Court.

      (2)  But notice of an intended sale of any such right shall be given by the Court to the land-lord, and, if at any time before the close of the day on which the sale takes place the land-lord pays to the Court or to the officer conducting the sale a deposit of twenty-five per centum on the highest bid made at the sale, he shall be declared to be the purchaser instead of the person who made that bid.

 

56.   Transfer of right of occupancy under any other section than section 5.– A right of occupancy under any other section than section 5 shall not be attached or sold in execution of a decree or order of any Court or, without the previous consent in writing of the land-lord, be transferred by private contract.

 

57.   Rights and liabilities of transferee of right of occupancy.– When a right of occupancy has been transferred by sale, gift or usufructuary mortgage to a person other than the land-lord, that person shall, in respect of the land in which the right subsists, have the same rights, and be subject to the same liabilities as the tenant to whom before the transfer of the right had belonged, and was subject to.

 

58.   Sub-letting.– (1) A tenant having a right of occupancy in land may, subject to the provisions of this Act and to the conditions of any written contract between him and his land-lord, sublet the land or any part thereof for any term not exceeding seven years.

      (2)  A person to whom land is sublet by a tenant having a right of occupancy therein shall, in respect of that land, and so far as regards the land-lord be jointly with the tenant, subject to all the liabilities of the tenant under this Act.

 

[52][58-A. Transfer of right of occupancy under any section of the Act by exchange.– (1) Any tenant with a right of occupancy may, with the consent of his land-lord, transfer his land to all the members of a Co-operative Society for the consolidation of holdings of which both he and his land-lord are members and obtain from them any other land in exchange.

      (2)  Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other enactment in force, any land obtained in exchange in pursuance of the provisions of sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be subject to the same right of occupancy as the land given for it in exchange].

 


Succession

[53][59. Succession to right of occupancy.– (1) When a Muslim tenant having a right of occupancy in any land dies, the right shall devolve on his heirs in accordance with the provisions of the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat):

      Provided that when the occupancy rights are held by a female as a limited owner under Customary Law, succession shall open out on the termination of her limited interest to all persons who would have been entitled to inherit the property at the time of the death of the last full owner had the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) been applicable at the time of such death, and in the event of the death of any of such persons before the termination of the limited interest mentioned above, succession shall devolve on his heirs and successors existing at the time of the termination of the limited interest of the female as if the aforesaid such person had died at the termination of the limited interest of the female and had been governed by the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat):

      Provided further that the share which the female limited owner would have inherited had the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) been applicable at the time of the death of the last full owner shall devolve on her if she loses her limited interest in the property on account of her marriage or remarriage and on her heirs under the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) if her limited interest terminates because of her death.

      (2)  When a non-Muslim tenant having a right of occupancy dies, the right shall devolve–

            (a)  on his male lineal descendants, if any, in the male line of descent; and

            (b)  failing such descendants, on his widow, if any, until she dies or remarries or abandons the land or is under the provisions of this Act ejected therefrom; and

            (c)  failing such descendants and widow or his widowed mother, if any, until she dies or remarries or abandons the land or is under the provisions of this Act ejected therefrom; and

            (d) failing such descendants and widow, or widowed mother or if the deceased tenant left a widow or widowed mother, then when her interest terminates under clause (b) or (c) of this sub-section, on his male collateral relatives in the male line of descent from the common ancestor of the deceased tenant and those relatives:

      Provided with respect to clause (b) of this sub-section, that the common ancestor occupied the land.

      Explanation– For the purpose of clause (d), land obtained in exchange by the deceased tenant or any of his predecessors-in-interest in pursuance of the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 58-A shall be deemed to have been occupied by the common ancestor if the land given for it in exchange was occupied by him.

      (3)  As among descendants and collateral relatives claiming under sub-section (2) the right shall subject to the provisions of that sub-section, devolve as if it were land left by the deceased in the village in which the land subject to the right is situate.

      (4)  When the widow of a deceased tenant succeeds to a right of occupancy under sub-section (2), she shall not transfer the right by sale, gift or mortgage or by sub-lease for a term exceeding one year.

      (5)  If a deceased tenant has left no person on whom his right of occupancy may devolve under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), as the case may be, the right shall be extinguished].

 

Irregular transfers

60.   Irregular transfer of right of occupancy.– Any transfer made of a right of occupancy in contravention of the foregoing provisions of this Chapter shall be voidable at the instance of the land-lord.

 

[54][Chapter V-A]

[55][Succession to Non-occupancy Tenancies]

[56][60-A. Succession to non-occupancy tenancies.– (1) Where a tenant, not being a tenant of land reserved by the land-lord for personal cultivation under any law for the time being in force, not having a right of occupancy and not holding land for any fixed term under a contract or a decree or order of a competent authority dies, the tenancy shall, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any law for the time being in force, devolve on his preferred heir, if any, and failing such preferred heir on his eldest male child.

      Explanation– A preferred heir means any male child named in writing by the deceased tenant as such.

      (2)  If the deceased tenant has left no such persons as are mentioned in sub-section (1) on whom the right of tenancy may devolve under that sub-section, the right shall be extinguished].

 

Chapter VI

Improvements and Compensation

Improvements by land-lords

61.   Improvements by land-lords on tenancies of occupancy tenants.– (1) Without the previous permission of the Collector, a land-lord shall not make an improvement on the tenancy of a tenant having a right of occupancy.

      (2)  If a land-lord desires to make such an improvement, he may apply to the Collector for permission to make it, and the Collector shall, before making an order on the application, hear the objection, if any, of the tenant.

      (3)  In making an order on an application under sub-section (2) the Collector shall be guided by such rules, if any, as the [57][Provincial Government] may [58][* * *] make in this behalf.

 

62.   Enhancement of rent in consideration of an improvement made by a land-lord on the tenancy of an occupancy tenant.– (1) When a land-lord has, with the permission mentioned in the last foregoing section, made an improvement on the tenancy of a tenant having a right of occupancy, he may apply to the Collector for an enhancement of the rent of the tenant.

      (2)  If the tenant is a tenant to whom section 20 applies, the Collector shall enhance his rent to the share or rates, or with reference to the rent in gross, as the case may be, paid by tenants, having a similar right of occupancy, for land of a similar description and with similar advantages.

      (3)  If the tenant is a tenant to whom section 22 applies, the Collector shall enhance his rent to such amount as the tenant would be liable to pay under that section if the land revenue were reassessed.

      (4)  When the improvement ceases to exist, the Collector may, on the application of the tenant, reduce the tenant’s rent–

            (a)  in the case of a tenant to whom sub-section (2) applies, to the share or rates, or with reference to the rent in gross, as the case may be, paid by tenants, having a similar right of occupancy for land of a similar description and with similar advantages; and

            (b)  in the case of a tenant to whom sub-section (3) applies, to such an amount as the tenant would be liable to pay if the land revenue were re-assessed.

      (5)  Sections 25 and 26 shall be construed as applying to an application, under this section, and a suit shall not lie in any Court for any purpose for which an application might be made under this section.

 

Improvements by tenants

63.   Title of occupancy tenant to make improvements.– A tenant having a right of occupancy is entitled to make improvements on his tenancy.

 

64.   Title of tenants not having right of occupancy to make improvements.– (1) A tenant not having a right of occupancy may make improvements on his tenancy with the assent of his land-lord.

      (2)  If at any time the question arises whether or not the land-lord assented to the making of an improvement by a tenant not having a right of occupancy, the assent may be inferred from circumstances.

 

65.   Improvements made before commencement of this Act.– Improvements made by a tenant before the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to have been made in accordance with this Act, unless in the case of a tenant not having a right of occupancy it is shown that the improvement was made in contravention of a written agreement between him and his land-lord.

 

66.   Improvements begun in anticipation of ejectment.– A tenant ejected in execution of a decree, or in pursuance of a notice of ejectment, shall not be entitled to compensation for any improvement begun by him after the institution of the suit, or service of the notice, which resulted in his ejectment.

 

67.   Tender of lease for twenty years to tenant to be a bar to right to compensation.– If a land-lord tenders to a tenant lease of his tenancy for a term of not less than twenty years from the date of the tender at the rent then paid by the tenant or of such other rent as may be agreed on, the tender, if accepted by the tenant, shall bar any claim by him to compensation in respect of improvement previously made on the tenancy.

 

68.   Liability to pay compensation for improvements to tenants on ejectment or on enhancement of his rent.– Subject to the foregoing provision of this Chapter, a tenant who has made an improvement on his tenancy in accordance with this Act shall not be ejected, and the rent payable by him shall not be enhanced, until he has received compensation for the improvement.

 

Compensation for disturbance of clearing tenants

69. Compensation for disturbance of clearing tenants.– (1) A tenant who has cleared and brought under cultivation waste land in which he has not a right of occupancy shall, if ejected from that land, be entitled to receive from the land-lord as compensation for disturbance, in addition to any compensation for improvements, a sum to be determined by Revenue Court or Revenue Officer in accordance with the merits of the case, but not exceeding five years’ rent of the land:

      Provided that a tenant who is a joint owner of land to which this section applies shall not be entitled to compensation for disturbance on ejectment from the land or any part thereof.

      (2)  If rent has been paid for the land by division or appraisement of the produce or by rates fixed with reference to the nature of the crops grown, or if no rent, or no rent other than the land revenue of the land and the rates and cesses chargeable thereon, has been paid therefor, the compensation may be computed as if double the amount of the land revenue of the land were the annual rent thereof:

      [59][Provided that in any estate of which the assessment has been confirmed on or after the twenty-second day of February, 1929, the compensation may be computed as if four times the amount of the land revenue of the land were the annual rent thereof].

 

Procedure in determining compensation

70.   Determination of compensation by Revenue Court.– (1) In every suit by a tenant to contest his liability to ejectment or by a land-lord to eject tenant or to enhance his rent, the Court shall direct the tenant to file a statement of his claim, if any, to compensation for improvement or for disturbance and of the grounds thereof.

      (2)  If the Court decrees the ejectment of the tenant or the enhancement of his rent, it shall determine the amount of compensation, if any, due to the tenant, and shall stay execution of the decree until the land-lord pays into Court that amount less any arrears of rent or costs proved to the satisfaction of the Court to be due to him from the tenant.

 

71.   Determination of compensation by Revenue Officers.– In either of the following cases, namely:-

      (a)  When a notice has been served on a tenant under section 44,

      (b)  when a notice of ejectment has been served on a tenant under section 45 and the tenant has not instituted a suit to contest his liability to be ejected,

the tenant may apply to the Revenue Officer having authority to order his ejectment under section 44 or section 45, as the case may be, to determine the amount of compensation due to him for improvements or for disturbance, or for both, and the Revenue Officer shall determine the amount, if any, accordingly and stay the ejectment of the tenant until the land-lord pays to the Revenue Officer the amount so determined less any arrears of rent or costs proved to the satisfaction of the Revenue Officer to be due to the land-lord from the tenant.

 

72.   Matters to be regarded in assessment of compensation for improvements.– In estimating the compensation to be awarded under this Chapter to a tenant for an improvement, the Court or Revenue Officer shall have regard to–

      (a)  the amount by which the value or the produce of the tenancy, or the value of that produce is increased by the improvement;

      (b)  the condition of the improvement and the probable duration of its effect;

      (c)  the labour and capital required for the making of such an improvement;

      (d) any reduction or remission of rent or other advantage allowed to the tenant by the land-lord in consideration of the improvement; and

      (e)  in the case of reclamation, or of the conversion of unirrigated into irrigated land, the length of time during which the tenant has had the benefit of the improvement.

 

73.   Form of compensation.– (1) The compensation shall be made by payment in money, unless the parties agree that it be made in whole or in part by the grant of a beneficial lease of land or in some other way.

      (2)  If the parties so agree, the Court or Revenue Officer shall make an order accordingly.

 

Relief in case of ejectment before determination of compensation

74.   Relief in case of ejectment before determination of compensation.– (1) If from any cause the amount of compensation payable to a tenant–

      (a)  under this Chapter for improvements or disturbance, or

      (b)  under section 49 of the value of uncut or ungathered crops or the preparation of land for sowing,

has not been determined before the tenant is ejected, the ejectment shall not be invalidated by reason of the omission, but the Court or Revenue Officer which decreed or who ordered the ejectment may, on application made by the tenant within one year from the date of ejectment, correct the omission by making in favour of the tenant an order for the payment to him by the land-lord of such compensation as the Court or Officer may determine the tenant to be entitled to.

      (2)  An order made under sub-section (1) may be executed in the same manner as a decree for money may be executed by a Revenue Court.

 

Chapter VII

Jurisdiction and Procedure

Jurisdiction

75. Revenue Officers.– (1) There shall be the same classes of Revenue Officers under this Act as under the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [60][1967], and, in the absence of any order of the [61][Provincial Government] to the contrary, a Revenue Officer of any class having jurisdiction within any local limits under that Act shall be a Revenue Officer of the same class having jurisdiction within the same local limits under this Act.

      (2)  The expressions “Collector” and [62][Board of Revenue] have the same meaning in this Act as in the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [63][1967].

 

76.   Applications and proceedings cognizable by Revenue Officers.– (1) The following applications and proceedings shall be disposed of by Revenue Officers as such, and no Court shall take cognizance of any dispute or matter with respect to which any such application or proceeding might be made or had:

 


First Group

            (a)  proceedings under section 27 for the adjustment of rents expressed in terms of the land revenue;

       [64][(aa)  proceedings under section 27-A for the adjustment of rents of occupancy tenants in the Attock District];

            (b)  proceedings relating to the remission and suspension of rent under section 30;

            (c)  applications under section 43 for the ejectment of a tenant against whom a decree for an arrear of rent in respect of his tenancy has been passed and remains unsatisfied;

            (d)  applications under section 45, sub-section(5), for the ejectment of a tenant on whom a notice of ejectment has been served and who has not instituted a suit to contest his liability to be ejected but has claimed compensation under section 71;

            (e)  applications under section 53 or section 54 for the fixing of the value of a right of occupancy;

             (f)  applications under section 53 or section 54 by land-lords for possession of land, the right of occupancy in which has become extinct;

            (g)  proceedings under Chapter VI with respect to the award of compensation for improvements or disturbance;

 

Second Group

            (h)  applications under section 17 with respect to the division or appraisement of produce;

             (i)  application under section 45, sub-section (5), for the ejectment of a tenant on whom a notice of ejectment has been served and who has not instituted a suit to contest his liability to be ejected and has not claimed compensation under section 71;

             (j)  applications for the determination–

                   (i)   under section 49 of the rent payable for land occupied by crops uncut or ungathered at the time of an order made for the ejectment of a tenant, or

                  (ii)   under section 49 or section 74 of the value of such crops or of the sum payable to the tenant for labour and capital expended by him in preparing land for sowing;


Third Group

            (k)  applications under section 31 by tenants to deposit rent;

             (l)  applications under section 36 for service of notice of relinquishment;

           (m)  applications under section 43 for service of notice of ejectment;

            (n)  applications under section 53 or section 54 for service of notice of intended transfer or of intended foreclosure or other enforcement of lien.

      (2)  Except as otherwise provided by any rule made by the [65][Board of Revenue] in this behalf–

            (a)  a Collector or an Assistant Collector of the first grade may dispose of any of the applications and proceedings mentioned in sub-section(1);

            (b)  an Assistant Collector of the second grade, not being Naib Tehsildar, may dispose of any of the applications mentioned in the second and third applications mentioned in the second and third groups of that sub-section; and

            (c)  a Naib Tehsildar, when invested with the powers of an Assistant Collector of the second grade, may dispose of any of the applications mentioned in the third group of that sub-section.

 

77.   Revenue Courts and suits cognizable by them.– (1) When a Revenue Officer is exercising jurisdiction with respect to any such suit as is described in sub-section (3), or with respect to an appeal or other proceeding arising out of any such suit, he shall be called a Revenue Court.

      (2)  There shall be the same classes of Revenue Courts as of Revenue Officers under this Act, and, in the absence of any order of the [66][Provincial Government] to the contrary, a Revenue Officer of any class having jurisdiction within any local limits under this Act shall be a Revenue Court of the same class having jurisdiction within the same local limits.

      (3)  The following suits shall be instituted in, and heard and determined by, Revenue Courts, and no other Court shall take cognizance of any dispute or matter with respect to which any such suit might be instituted:

      [67][Provided that–

        (1)  Procedure where revenue matter is raised in a Civil Court where in a suit cognizable by and instituted in a Civil Court it becomes necessary to decide any matter which can under this sub-section be heard and determined only by a Revenue Court, the Civil Court shall endorse upon the plaint the nature of the matter for decision and the particulars required by Order VII, Rule 10, Civil Procedure Code, and return the plaint for presentation to the Collector;

        (2)  on the plaint being presented to the Collector, the Collector shall proceed to hear and determine the suit where the value thereof exceeds [68][rupees ten thousand] or the matter involved is of the nature mentioned in section 77(3), First Group, of the Punjab Tenancy Act, 1887, and in other case may send the suit to an Assistant Collector of the first Grade for decision].

 

First Group

      (a)  suits between land-lord and tenant for enhancement or reduction of rent under section 24;

      (b)  suits between land-lord and tenant for addition to or abatement of rent under section 28 or for commutation of rent;

      (c)  suits under section 34 for the determination of rent or other sum on the expiration of the term of an assessment of land revenue [69][and suits relating to the rent to be paid under a mortgage made in accordance with form (c) as prescribed by section 6 of the Punjab Alienation of Land Act, 1900];

 

Second Group

      (d)  Suits by a tenant to establish a claim to a right of occupancy, or by a land-lord to prove that a tenant has not such a right;

      (e)  suits by a land-lord to eject a tenant;

       (f)  suits by a tenant under section 45 to contest liability to ejectment, when notice of ejectment has been served;

      (g)  suits by a tenant under section 50 for recovery of possession or occupancy, or for compensation, or for both;

      (h)  suits by a land-lord to set aside a transfer made of a right of occupancy, or to dispossess a person to whom such a transfer has been made, or for both purposes;

       (i)  any other suit between land-lord and tenant arising out of the lease or conditions on which a tenancy is held;

       (j)  suits for sums payable on account of village cesses or village expenses;

      (k)  suits by a co-sharer in an estate or holding for a share of the profits thereof or for a settlement of accounts;

       (l)  suits for the recovery of over payments of rent or land-revenue or of any other demand for which a suit lies in a Revenue Court under this sub-section;

     (m)  suits relating to the emoluments of kanungos [70][* * *] or village officers;

 

Third Group

      (n)  suits by a land-lord for arrears of rent or the money equivalent of rent, or for sums recoverable under section 14;

      (o)  suits by a land-owner to recover moneys claimed as due for the enjoyment of rights in or over land or in water, including rights of irrigation, rights over fisheries, rights of pasturage and forest rights;

      (p)  suits for sums payable on account of land-revenue or of any other demand recoverable as an arrear of land-revenue under any enactment for the time being in force, and by a superior landowner for other sums due to him as such.

      (4)  Except as otherwise provided by any rule made by the [71][Board of Revenue] in this behalf–

            (a)  a Collector may hear and determine any of the suits mentioned in sub-section (3);

            (b)  an Assistant Collector of the first grade may hear and determine any of the suits mentioned in the second and third groups of that sub-section, and, if he has by name been specially empowered in this behalf by the [72][Provincial Government], any of the suits mentioned in the first group; and

            (c)  an Assistant Collector of the second grade may hear and determine any of the suits mentioned in the third group.

   [73][(5)  The limitation for suits mentioned in sub-section (3) (Third Group), clause (n), shall be one year from the day the rent or money equivalent to rent or sums recoverable become due].

 

Administrative control

78.   Superintendence and control of Revenue Officers and revenue Courts.– (1) The general superintendence and control over all [74][* * *] Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts shall be vested in, and all such officers and Courts shall be subordinate to the [75][Board of Revenue].

      (2)  Subject to the general superintendence and control of the [76][Board of Revenue], [77][an Executive District Officer (Revenue)] shall control all other Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts in his division.

      (3)  Subject as aforesaid and to the control of the [78][Executive District Officer (Revenue)], a Collector shall control all other Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts in his district.

 

79.    Power to distribute business and withdraw and transfer cases.– (1) The [79][Board of Revenue] or [80][an Executive District Officer (Revenue)] or Collector may by written order distribute, in such manner as [81][it or he thinks fit], any business cognizable by any Revenue Officer or Revenue Court under his control.

      (2)  The [82][Board of Revenue] or [83][an Executive District Officer (Revenue)] or Collector may withdraw any case pending before any Revenue Officer or Revenue Court under [84][its or his] control, and either dispose of it [85][itself or himself] or by written order refer it for disposal to any other Revenue Officer or Revenue Court under [86][its or his] control.

      (3)  An order under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall not empower any Revenue Officer or Revenue Court to exercise any powers or deal with any business which he or it would not be competent to exercise or deal with within the local limits of his or its own jurisdiction.

 

Appeal, Review And Revision

80.    Appeals.– [87][(1)] Subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules thereunder, an appeal shall lie from an original or appellate order or decree made under this Act by a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court, as follows, namely:-

      (a)  to the Collector when the order or decree is made by an Assistant Collector of either grade;

      (b)  to the [88][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] when the order or decree is made by a Collector;

      (c)  to the [89][Board of Revenue only on a point of law] when the order or decree is made by [90][an Executive District Officer (Revenue)]:

      Provided that–

         (i)   an appeal from an order or decree made by an Assistant Collector of the first grade specially empowered by name in that behalf by the [91][Provincial Government] in a suit mentioned in the first group of sub-section (3) of section 77, shall lie to the [92][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] and not to the Collector;

        (ii)   when an original order or decree is confirmed on first appeal, a further appeal shall not lie;

       (iii)   when any such order or decree is modified or reversed on appeal by the Collector, the order or decree made by the [93][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] on further appeal, if any, to him shall be final.

   [94][(2)  An order shall not be confirmed, modified or reversed in appeal unless reasonable notice has been given to the parties affected thereby to appear and be heard in support of or against the order appealed from].

 

81.   Limitation for appeals.– The period of limitation for an appeal under the last foregoing section shall run from the date of the order of decree appealed against, and shall be as follows, that is to say–

      (a)  when the appeal lies to the Collector – thirty days;

      (b)  when the appeal lies to the [95][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] – sixty days;

      (c)  when the appeal lies to the [96][Board of Revenue] – ninety days.

 

82. Review by Revenue Officers.– (1) A Revenue Officer, as such, may either of his own motion or on the application of any party interested, review, and on so reviewing modify, reverse or confirm any order passed by himself or by any of his predecessors-in-office:

      Provided as follows:-

      [97][(a)  an order passed by his predecessor-in-office shall not be reviewed by the–

                (i)   [98][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] without first obtaining the sanction of the Board of Revenue,

               (ii)   Collector without first obtaining the sanction of the [99][Executive District Officer (Revenue)],

and no order shall be reviewed by any other Revenue Officer without first obtaining the sanction of the Revenue Officer to whose control he is immediately subject];

      (b)  an application for review of an order shall not be entertained unless it is made within ninety days from the passing of the order, or unless the applicant satisfies the Revenue Officer that he had sufficient cause for not making the application within that period;

      (c)  an order shall not be modified or reversed unless reasonable notice has been given to the parties affected thereby to appear and be heard in support of the order;

      (d) an order against which an appeal has been preferred shall not be reviewed.

      (2)  For the purposes of this section the Collector shall be deemed to be the successor-in-office of any Revenue Officer of a lower class who has left the district or has ceased to exercise powers as a Revenue officer, and whom there is no successor-in-office.

      (3)  An appeal shall not lie from an order refusing to review, or confirming on review, a previous order.

 

83.   Computation of periods limited for appeals and applications for review.– In the computation of the period for an appeal from, or an application for the review of, an order under this Act, the limitation therefor shall be governed by the [100][* * *] Limitation Act, [101][1908].

 

84.   Power to call for, examine and revise proceedings of Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts.– (1) The [102][Board of Revenue] may at any time call for the record of any case pending before, or disposed of by any Revenue Officer or Revenue Court subordinate to [103][it].

      (2)  [104][An Executive District Officer (Revenue)] or Collector may call for the record of any case pending before, or disposed of by, any Revenue Officer or Revenue Court under his control.

      (3)  If in any case in which a [105][* * *] Collector has called for a record he is of opinion that the proceedings taken or the order or decree made should be modified or reversed, he shall submit the record with his opinion on the case for the orders of the [106][Executive District Officer (Revenue)].

      [107][(4)   If, after examining a record called for under sub-section (1), or sub-section (2) or submitted under sub-section (3), the Board of Revenue or the [108][Executive District Officer (Revenue)], as the case may be, is of the opinion that it is expedient to interfere with the proceedings or the order or decree, it or he, as the case may be, shall pass an order accordingly].

      (5)  If, after examining the record, the [109][Board of Revenue] is of opinion that it is expedient to interfere with the proceedings or the order or decree on any ground on which the [110][High Court] in the exercise of the revisional jurisdiction may under the law for the time being in force interfere with the proceedings or an order or decree of a Civil Court, [111][it] shall fix a day for hearing the case, and may, on that or any subsequent day to which [112][it] may adjourn the hearing or which [113][it] may appoint in this behalf, pass such order as [114][it] thinks fit in the case.

      (6)  Except when the [115][Board of Revenue] fixes under sub-section (5) a day for hearing the case, no party has any right to be heard before the [116][Board of Revenue] when exercising [117][its] powers under this section.

 

Procedure

85. Procedure of Revenue Officers.– (1) The [118][Provincial Government] may makes [119]rules consistent with this Act for regulating the procedure of Revenue Officers under this Act in cases in which a procedure is not prescribed by this Act.

      (2)  The rules may provide, among other matters, for the mode of enforcing orders of ejectment from, and delivery of possession, of immovable property, and rules providing for those may confer on a Revenue Officer all or any of the powers in regard to contempts, resistance and the like which a Civil Court may exercise in the execution of a decree whereby it has adjudged ejectment from, or delivery of possession of, such property.

      (3)  The rules may also provide for the mode of executing orders as to costs, and may adapt to proceedings under this Act all or any of the provisions of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, [120][1967], with respect to arbitration.

      (4)  Subject to the rules under this section a Revenue Officer may refer any case which he is empowered to dispose of under this Act to another Revenue Officer for investigation and report, and may decide the case upon the report.

 

86.   Persons by whom appearances may be made before Revenue Officers as such and not as Revenue Courts.– (1) Appearances before a Revenue Officer as such, and applications to and acts to be done before him, under this Act may be made or done–

      (a)  by the parties themselves, or

      (b)  by their recognized agents or a legal practitioner:

        Provided that the employment of a recognized agent or legal practitioner shall not excuse the personal attendance of a party to any proceeding in any case in which personal attendance is specially required by an order of the officer.

      (2)  For the purpose of sub-section (1), recognized agents shall be such persons as the [121][Provincial Government] may by notification declare in this behalf.

        (3)   The fees of a legal practitioner shall not be allowed as costs in any proceeding before a Revenue Officer under this Act, unless that officer considers, for reasons to be recorded by him in writing, that the fees should be allowed.

 

87.   Costs.– (1) A Revenue Officer may give and apportion the costs of any proceeding under this Act in any manner he thinks fit.

      (2)  But if he orders that the costs of any such proceeding shall not follow the event, he shall record his reasons for the order.

 

88.   Procedure of Revenue Courts.– (1) The [122][Provincial Government] may [123][* * *] make rules consistent with this Act for regulating the procedure of Revenue Courts in matters under this Act for which a procedure is not prescribed thereby, and by any such rules direct that any provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure shall apply, with or without modification to all or any classes of cases before those Courts.

      (2)  Until rules are made under sub-section (1) and subject to those rules when made and to the provisions of this Act–

            (a)  the Code of Civil Procedure shall, so far as it is applicable, apply to all proceedings in Revenue Courts whether before or after decree; and

            (b)  the [124][Board of Revenue] shall, in respect of those proceedings, be deemed to be the High Court within the meaning of that Code, and shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, exercise, as regards the Courts under [125][its] control, all the powers of a High Court under the Code.

 

89.   Power of Revenue Officer or Revenue Court to summon persons.– (1) A Revenue Officer or Revenue Court may summon any person whose attendance he or it considers necessary for the purpose of any application, suit or other business before him or it as a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court.

      (2)  A person so summoned shall be bound to appear at the time and place mentioned in the summons in person or if the summons so allows, by his recognized agent or a legal practitioner.

      (3)  The person attending in obedience to the summons shall be bound to state the truth upon any matter respecting which he is examined or makes statements, and to produce such documents and other things relating to any such matter as the Revenue Officer or Revenue Court may require.

 

90.   Mode of service of summons.– (1) A summons issued by a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court shall, if practicable be served (a) personally on the person to whom it is addressed, or failing him on (b) his recognized agents, or (c) an adult male member of his family who is residing with him.

      (2)  If service cannot be so made, or if acceptance of service so made is refused, the summons may be served by posting a copy thereof at the usual or last known place of residence of the person to whom it is addressed, or, if that person does not reside in the district in which the Revenue Officer is employed or the Revenue Court is held, and the case to which the summons relates has reference to land in that district, then by posting a copy of the summons on some conspicuous place in or near the estate wherein the land is situate.

      (3)  If the summons relates to a case in which persons having the same interest are so numerous that personal service on all of them is not reasonably practicable, it may, if the Revenue Officer or Revenue Court so directs, be served by delivery of a copy thereof to such of those persons as the officer or Court nominates in this behalf and by proclamation of the contents thereof for the information of the other persons interested.

      (4)  A summons may, if the Revenue Officer or Revenue Court so directs, be served on the person named therein, either in addition to, or in substitution for, any other mode of service, by forwarding the summons by post in a letter addressed to the person and registered under Part [126][VI] of the [127][* * *] Post Office Act, [128][1898].

      (5)  When a summons is so forwarded in a letter and it is proved that the letter was properly addressed and duly posted and registered, the Officer or Court may presume that the summons was served at the time when the letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

91.   Mode of service of notice, or order or proclamation or copy thereof.– A notice, order or proclamation, or copy of any such document, issued by a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court for service on any person shall be served in the manner provided in the last foregoing section for the service of a summons.

 

92.   Additional mode of publishing proclamation.– When a proclamation relating to any land is issued by a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court, it shall, in addition to any other mode of publication which may be prescribed by any enactment for the time being in force, be made by beat of drum or other customary method, and by the posting of a copy thereof on a conspicuous place in or near the land to which it relates.

 

93.   Joinder of tenants as parties to proceeding relating to rent.– (1) Any number of tenants cultivating in the same estate, may in the discretion of the Revenue Officer or Revenue Court and subject to any rules which the [129][Provincial Government] may make in this behalf, be made parties to any proceeding under Chapter III.

      (2)  But a decree or order shall not be made in any such proceedings unless the Revenue Officer or Revenue Court is satisfied that all the parties thereto have had an opportunity of appearing and being heard.

      (3)  A decree or order made in any such proceeding shall specify the extent to which each of the tenants is affected thereby.

 

94.   Exception of suits under this Act from operation of certain enactments.– Nothing in section 424 of the Code of Civil Procedure, or in section 36 of [130]the Punjab Municipal Act, 1884, shall be construed to apply to a suit of a class mentioned in section 77 of this Act.

 

95.   Payment into Court of money admitted to be due to a third person.– (1) When a defendant admits that money is due from him on account of rent, but pleads that it is due not to the plaintiff but to a third person, the Court shall, expect for special reasons to be recorded by it, refuse to take cognizance of the plea unless the defendant pays into Court the amount so admitted to be due.

      (2)  Where such a payment is made the Court shall forthwith cause notice of the payment to be served on the third person.

      (3)  Unless the third person within three months from the receipt of the notice institutes a suit against the plaintiff and therein obtains an order restraining payment of the money, it shall be paid to the plaintiff on his application to the Court therefor.

      (4)  Nothing in this section shall affect the right of any person to recover from the plaintiff money paid to him under sub-section (3).

      (5)  When a defendant pays money into Court under this section, the Court shall give the defendant a receipt, and the receipt so given shall operate as an acquittance in the same manner and to the same extent as if it had been given by the plaintiff or the third person, as the case may be.

 

96.   Execution of decree for arrears of rent.– A Court passing a decree for an arrear of rent may, on the oral application of the decree-holder, order execution thereof against the movable property of the tenant, and against any uncut or ungathered crops on the tenancy in respect of which the arrear is decreed.

 

97.   Prohibition of imprisonment of tenants in execution of decrees for arrears of rent.– A tenant shall not, during the continuance of his occupancy, be liable to imprisonment on the application of his land-lord in execution of a decree for an arrear of rent.

 

98.   Power to refer party to Civil Court.– (1) If, in any proceeding pending before a Revenue Court exercising original, appellate or revisional jurisdiction, it appears to the Court that any question in issue is more proper for decision by a Civil Court, the Revenue Court may, with the previous sanction of the Court, if any, to the control of which it is immediately subject, require by order in writing, any party to the proceeding to institute, within such time as it may fix in this behalf, a suit in the Civil Court for the purpose of obtaining a decision on the question, and, if he fails to comply with the requisition, may decide the question as it think fit.

      (2)  If the party institutes the suit in compliance with the requisition, the Revenue Court shall dispose of the proceeding pending before it in accordance with the final decision of the Civil Court of first instance or appeal, as the case may be.

 

99.   Power to refer to High Court questions as to jurisdiction.– (1) If the Presiding Officer of a Civil or Revenue Court in which a suit has been instituted doubts whether he is precluded from taking cognizance of the suit, he may refer the matter through the [131][District Judge] or [132][Executive District Officer (Revenue)], or, if he is a [133][District Judge] or [134][Executive District Officer (Revenue)], directly to the [135][High Court].

      (2)  On any such reference being made, the [136][High Court] may order the presiding officer either to proceed with the suit or to return the plaint for presentation in such other Court as it may in its order declare to be competent to take cognizance of the suit.

      (3)  The order of the [137][High Court] on any such reference shall be conclusive as against persons who are not parties to the suits as well as against persons who are parties thereto.

 

100.  Power of High Court to validate proceedings held under mistake as to jurisdiction.– In either of the following cases, namely:-

         (a)  if it appears to a Civil Court that a Court under its control has determined a suit of a class mentioned in section 77 which under the provisions of that section should have been heard and determined by a Revenue Court, or

         (b)  if it appears to a Revenue Court, that a Court under its control has determined a suit which should have been heard by a Civil Court,

the Civil Court or Revenue Court, as the case may be, shall submit the record of the suit to the [138][High Court].

      (2)  If on perusal of the record it appears to the [139][High Court] that the suit was so determined in good faith, and that the parties have not been prejudiced by the mistake as to jurisdiction, the [140][High Court] may order that the decree be registered in the Court which had jurisdiction.

      (3)  If it appears to the [141][High Court] otherwise than on submission of a record under sub-section (1), that a Civil Court under its control has determined a suit of a class mentioned in section 77 which under the provisions of that section should have been heard and determined by a Revenue Court, the [142][High Court] may pass any order which it might have passed if the record had been submitted to it under that sub-section.

      (4)  With respect to any proceeding subsequent to decree, the [143][High Court] may make such order for its registration in a Revenue Court or Civil Court as in the circumstances appears to be just and proper.

      (5)  An order of the [144][High Court] under this section shall be conclusive as against persons who were not parties to the suit or proceeding as well as against persons who were parties thereto, and the decree or proceeding to which the order relates shall have effect as if it had been made or had by the Court in which the order has required it to be registered.

      (6)  The provisions of this section shall apply to any suit instituted on or after the first day of November, 1884, and to proceedings arising out of any such suit.

 

Miscellaneous

101.  Place of sitting.– (1) An Assistant collector may exercise his powers under this Act at any place within the limits of the district in which he is employed.

      (2)  Any other Revenue Officer or Revenue Court may only exercise his or its powers under this Act within the local limits of his or its jurisdiction.

 

102.  Holidays.– (1) The [145][Board of Revenue], with the approval of the [146][Provincial government], shall publish in the [147][Official Gazette] before the commencement of each calendar year a list of days to be observed in that year as holidays by all or any Revenue Officers and Revenue Courts.

      (2)  A proceeding held before a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court on a day specified in the list as a day to be observed by the Officer or Court as a holiday shall not be invalid by reason only of its having been held on that day.

 

103.  Discharge of duties of Collector dying or being disabled.– When a Collector dies or is disabled from performing his duties, the officer who succeeds [148][him] temporarily [149][* * *] under any orders which may be generally or specially issued by the [150][Provincial Government] in this behalf, shall be deemed to be a Collector under this Act.

 

104.  Retention of powers by Revenue Officer on transfer.– When a Revenue Officer of any class who, either as such or as a Revenue Court, has under the foregoing provisions of this Act any powers to be exercised in any local area is transferred from that local area to another as a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court of the same or a higher class, he shall continue to exercise those powers in that other local area unless the [151][Provincial Government] otherwise directs or has otherwise directed.

 

105.  Conferment of powers of Revenue Officer or Revenue Court.– (1) The [152][Provincial Government] may by notification confer on any person–

         (a)  all or any of the powers of [153][Board of Revenue], [154][Executive District Officer (Revenue)] or Collector under this Act, or

         (b)  all or any of the powers with which an Assistant Collector of either grade is, or may be, invested thereunder,

and may by notification withdraw any powers so conferred.

      (2)  A person on whom powers are conferred under sub-section (1) shall exercise those powers within such local limits and in such classes of cases as the [155][Provincial Government] may direct, and except as otherwise directed by the [156][Provincial Government], shall for all purposes connected with the exercise whereof be deemed [157][Board of Revenue], [158][Executive District Officer (Revenue)], Collector or Assistant Collector, as the case may be.

      (3)  Before conferring powers on the Judge of a Civil Court under sub-section (1), the [159][Provincial Government] shall consult the [160][High Court].

      (4)  If any of the powers of a Collector under section 78, section 79, section 80 or section 82 are conferred on an Assistant Collector, they shall, unless the [161][Provincial Government] by special order otherwise directs, be exercised by him subject to the control of the Collector.

 

106.  Power of Board of Revenue to make rules.– (1) The [162][Board of Revenue] may, in addition to the other rules which may be made by [163][it] under this Act, make rules consistent with this Act and other enactment for the time being in force,–

         (a)  determining, notwithstanding anything in any record-of-rights, the number and amount of the installments and the times by and at which rent is to be paid;

         (b)  for the guidance of Revenue Officers in determining, for the purposes of this Act, the amount of the land revenue of any land;

         (c)  prescribing for all or any of the territories to which this Act extends, the periods during which in proceedings held under this Act, a Revenue Officer or Revenue Court is not, except for reasons of urgency to be recorded, to issue any process of arrest against a tenant or against a land-owner who cultivates his own land;

         (d) regulating the procedure in cases where persons are entitled to inspect records of Revenue Officers or Revenue Courts, or to obtain copies of the same, and prescribing the fees payable for searches and copies;

         (e)  prescribing forms for such books, entries, statistics and accounts as the [164][Board of Revenue] thinks necessary to be kept, made or compiled in Revenue Offices or Revenue Courts or submitted to any authority;

         (f)  declaring what shall be the language of any of those Offices and Courts, and determining in what cases persons practising in those offices and Courts shall be permitted to address the Presiding Officers thereof in English; and

         (g)  generally for the guidance of Revenue Officers and other persons in matters connected with the enforcement of this Act.

      (2)  Until rules are made under clause (a) of sub-section (1), rent shall be payable by the installments and at the times by and at which it is now payable.

      (3)  Rules made by the [165][Board of Revenue] under this or any other section of this Act shall [166][be made subject to the control of] the [167][Provincial Government].

 

107.  Rules to be made after previous publication.– The power to make any rules under this Act is subject [168][* * *] to the condition of the rules being made after previous publication.

 

108.  Powers exercisable by Board of Revenue from time to time.– All powers conferred by this Act on the [169][Board of Revenue] may be exercised from time to time as occasion requires.

 

Chapter VIII

Effect of this Act on Records-of-Rights and Agreements

109.  Nullity of certain entries in records-of-rights.– An entry in any record-of-rights providing–

         (a)  that a land-lord may prevent a tenant from making, or eject him for making, such improvements on his tenancy as he is entitled to make under this Act, or

         (b)  that a tenant ejected from his tenancy shall not be entitled to compensation for improvements or for disturbance in any case in which he would under this Act be entitled to compensation therefor, or

         (c)  that a land-lord may eject a tenant otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of this Act,

shall be void to that extent.

 

110.  Nullity of certain agreements contrary to the Act.– (1) Nothing in any agreement made between a land-lord and a tenant after the passing of this Act shall–

         (a)  override any of the provisions of this Act with respect to the acquisition of a right of occupancy, or the reduction, remission or suspension of rent, or the enhancement of the rent of a tenant having a right of occupancy under section 5 or section 6, or

         (b)  take away or limit the right of a tenant as determined by this Act to make improvements and claim compensation therefor, or, where compensation for disturbance can be claimed under this Act, to claim such compensation, or

         (c)  entitle a land-lord to eject a tenant otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

      (2)  Nothing in clause (a) of sub-section (1) shall apply to an agreement by which a tenant binds himself to pay an enhanced rent in consideration of an improvement which has been or is to be made in respect of his tenancy, by or at the expense of his land-lord, and to the benefit of which the tenant is not otherwise entitled.

 

111.  Saving of other agreements when in writing.– Save as expressly provided in this Act, nothing in this Act shall affect the operation of any agreement between a land-lord and a tenant, when the agreement either is in writing or has been recorded in a record-of-rights before the passing of the [170]Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887, or been entered by order of Revenue Officer in a record-of-rights or annual record under the provisions of that Act.

 

112.  Effect of certain entries made in records-of-rights before November, 1871.– An entry made with respect to any of the following matters before the eighteenth day of November, 1871, and attested by the proper officer, in the record of regular settlement sanctioned by the [171][Provincial Government], namely:-

         (a)  the enhancement or abatement of the rent of a tenant having right of occupancy or the commutation of rent in kind into rent in money or of rent in money into rent in kind, or the taking of rent in kind by division or appraisement of the produce or other procedure of a like nature, or

         (b)  the letting or under-letting of land in which there is a right of occupancy by the tenant having that right, or the alienation of or succession to land in which such a right subsists,

shall be deemed to be an agreement within the meaning of the last foregoing section.

 

[172][113. [173][Nothing but rent or seed supplied recoverable].– [174][(1)] Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act or in any other law for the time being in force or any revenue record or agreement or any rule of custom or any decision of a Court or arbitrator, no tenant shall be liable for, and no land-lord shall be entitled to anything in the shape of a cess, village cess, or other contribution or due or any free personal service, in addition to the rent payable for the land held by the former under the latter].

      [175][(2)   Notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary, where a land-lord supplied any seed to his tenant, he shall be entitled to recover from the tenant only the quantity of seed actually supplied and nothing in excess thereof].

 

[176][114. Extinction of occupancy tenancies.– (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, including this Act, no person shall, after the coming into force of the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952, acquire or have occupancy rights in any land under any enactment or contract or any decree or order of any Court or other authority and the existing occupancy rights in respect of all lands other than lands owned by Government or by any person who under the law for the time being in force is an evacuee, shall on the coming into force of the aforesaid Act, be extinguished, and the land comprised in a tenancy so extinguished shall vest as hereinafter provided.

      (2)  An occupancy tenant, who at the time of the coming into force of the aforesaid Amendment Act occupies any land as such shall become owner as under:-

            (a)  of the entire land comprised in his tenancy without payment of any compensation where he pays no rent therefor beyond the amount of the land revenue, and rates and cesses for the time being chargeable therefor;

            (b)  of such portion of the land comprised in his tenancy without payment of any compensation as corresponds to his share of the produce where he pays rent in the form of a share of the produce;

            (c)  of the entire land comprised in his tenancy on payment of compensation to the land-lord in cash at such rates and within such periods as may be prescribed by the Government by rules framed for the purpose, where he pays rent only in cash;

            (d) of the whole or a portion of the land comprised in his tenancy on payment of such compensation in such form and within such time to the land-lord as may be determined by Government by rules framed under this Act, where he pays rent partly in cash and partly in the form of a share of the produce.

      (3)  So long as Government does not frame rules for purposes of clauses (c) and (d) of sub-section (2), an occupancy tenancy falling under any of these clauses shall, notwithstanding the provision made in sub-section (1), continue to subsist, and the land-lord and the occupancy tenant shall continue to enjoy the same rights, and be subject to the same liabilities, as before.

      (4)  In a case falling under clause (b) of sub-section (2) the land-lord shall, without payment of any compensation, be entitled to the possession of the rest of the land comprised in the tenancy.

      (5)  An occupancy tenant acquiring land in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2) shall acquire it free from all encumbrances created in respect of that land by the land-lord and if any encumbrance be created by the tenant, the share of the land received by the land-lord shall be free from it and notwithstanding any provision of any law for the time being in force to the contrary each such encumbrance shall become the exclusive liability of the land-lord or the occupancy tenant, as the case may be.

      (6)  Where compensation is to be paid by a tenant in cash under clause (c) of sub-section (2) Government may, with a view to enabling an occupancy tenant to acquire land in accordance with the provisions of this section, advance a loan which shall be recoverable as arrears of land revenue with interest at such rates and in such installments as the Government may fix generally or in particular cases.

      (7)  Government shall frame rules to give effect to the provisions of this section, and while framing rules it may classify lands into different categories and prescribe different principles for assessment of compensation].

[177][114-A.   Extinction of Muqarraridari rights.– (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, including this Act, no person shall, after the coming into force of the Punjab Tenancy (removal of Doubts and Amendment) Ordinance, 1974, hereinafter referred to as the said Ordinance acquire or have muqarraridari right in any land under any enactment or contract or other authority, and the existing muqarraridari rights in respect of all lands other than the lands owned by or vesting in Government or by any person who, under the law for the time being in force is an evacuee, shall, on coming into force of the said Ordinance, be extinguished and the land in respect of which muqarraridari rights are to be extinguished, hereinafter referred to as the said land, shall vest as hereinafter provided.

      (2)  A muqarraridar who, at the time of coming into force of the said Ordinance, occupies the said land as such shall become owner as under:-

            (a)  of the said land in its entirety without payment of any compensation where he pays no rent therefor beyond the amount of the land revenue and rates and cesses for the time being chargeable therefor;

            (b)  of such portion of the said land without payment of any compensation as corresponds to his share of the produce where he pays rent in the form of a share of the produce;

            (c)  of the said land in its entirety on payment of compensation to the proprietor in cash at such rates and within such periods as may be prescribed by the Government by rules framed for the purpose, where he pays rent only in cash; and

            (d) of the whole or a portion of the said land on payment of such compensation in such form and within such time to the proprietor as may be determined by Government by rules framed under this section, where he pays rent partly in cash and partly in the form of share of the produce.

      (3)  So long as Government does not frame rules, for purposes of clauses (c) and (d) of sub-section (2), muqarraridari rights falling under any of those clauses shall, notwithstanding the provision made in sub-section (1) continue to subsist and the proprietor and the muqarraridar shall continue to enjoy the same rights, and be subject to the same liabilities, as before.

      (4)  In a case falling under clause (b) of sub-section (2) the proprietor shall, without payment of any compensation, be entitled to the possession of the rest of the said land.

      (5)  A muqarraridar acquiring land in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) shall acquire it free from all encumbrances created in respect of that land by the proprietor and if any encumbrance be created by the muqarraridar the share of the land received by the proprietor shall be free from it and notwithstanding any provision of any law for the time being in force to the contrary, each such encumbrance shall become the exclusive liability of the proprietor or the muqarraridar as the case may be.

      (6)  Where compensation is to be paid by a muqarraridar in cash under clause (c) of sub-section (2) Government may, with a view to enabling a muqarraridar to acquire land in accordance with the provisions of this section, advance a loan which shall be recoverable as arrears of land revenue with interest at such rates and in such installments as the Government may fix generally or in particular cases.

      (7)  Government shall frame rules to have effect to the provisions of this section, and while framing the rules it may classify land into different categories and prescribe different principles of assessment of compensation].

 

[178][114-B.   Removal of doubts.– Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force or any decree, judgment, or order of any Court or any other authority, an occupancy tenant under a muqarraridar shall be deemed and be deemed always to have, on the extinction of his occupancy rights under section 114, become the owner of the rights possessed by the muqarraridar in the entire or, as the case may be, in a part of the land comprised in his tenancy and in respect of such land section 114-A shall have effect accordingly].

 

[179][115. Limits of holding for personal cultivation.– (1) No person owning more than 100 acres of land shall have in his possession for personal cultivation any irrigated culturable land exceeding 50 acres.

      Explanation– Where any such person has in his possession any such land jointly or in partnership with any one else, only his own share of the land in such possession shall be taken into consideration in computing the 50 acres for the purpose of this sub-section.

      (2)  If a person owning more than 100 acres of land has in his possession culturable land in excess of 50 acres, he shall within three months of the date on which the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952, comes into force, and if such person is in the military service of Pakistan on that date, then within six months of his release from such service, let out the area in excess of 50 acres to tenants on terms permissible under the law:

      Provided that if the said land in excess of 50 acres is under crop at the time of the coming into force of the aforesaid Act, it shall be so let out within one month of the removal of the crop:

      Provided further that if the land to be let out has been prepared for sowing, the person who has so prepared it shall be entitled to compensation from the person to whom the land is let out, and such compensation and the mode of its payment shall, in case of a dispute, be assessed and determined by the Revenue Officer referred to in sub-section (4) in accordance with the provisions of this Act, in so far as these may be applicable.

      (3)  Where a person not owning more than 100 acres of land on the date of the coming into force of the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952, acquires by any means more land which alongwith land already owned by him totals more than 100 acres, he shall, within three months of such acquisition, let out to tenants so much of the land as is in his possession in excess of 50 acres of culturable land, and the provisos to sub-section (2) shall in so far as applicable apply to this case.

      (4)  If any person who is required by sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) to let out any land fails to find suitable tenants, he shall, before the expiry of the period fixed by the relevant sub-section, intimate the fact in writing to the Revenue Officer, who would be competent under the law to entertain an application for the ejectment of the tenant from the land, if such land had been let out to him, and such Revenue Officer shall proceed in accordance with such rules as may be framed by Government to find suitable tenants for the land.

      (5)  When a person acts under sub-section (4), he shall let out the land to tenants recommended by the Revenue Officer, and in case he fails to do so, he shall be deemed to have contravened the provisions of this section, and besides any other penalty which may be imposed on him under the law, the Revenue Officer referred to in sub-section (4) shall have the power to settle tenants on the land which such person is keeping in excess of the limits prescribed by this section:

      Provided that if the Revenue Officer fails to find tenants for the land, and in consequence thereof such person continues to occupy any land in excess of the prescribed limits, he will not be deemed to have contravened the provisions of this section:

      Provided further that in a case covered by the first proviso the Revenue Officer will have the power to settle tenants on the land at proper time, whenever he is able to find suitable persons for this purpose.

      (6)  Where a person has in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) made a choice with respect to the land which he is to keep for his personal cultivation, he shall not thereafter have the right to claim any other land in lieu of the whole or part of that land, even though he may have lost that land through alienation:

      Provided that he shall have the right of exchanging the said area of 50 acres or any part thereof with any land in which he may acquire proprietary rights, by inheritance, after having made the said choice:

      Provided further that if the land reserved by a person for personal cultivation or any portion thereof is compulsorily acquired by the Provincial or the [180]Central Government, or is rendered darya burd, or if 50 per centum or more of such land is rendered totally unculturable on account of the action of Sem or Thur, the said person shall be entitled to so much additional area, as with the area, if any, still in his possession, and in the last mentioned case, the area fit for cultivation, will make up 50 acres.

      (7)  Land attached to and used for the purposes of a cattle farm or a stud farm recognised by Government shall be exempt from the provisions of this section. But an owner of any such farm shall not be entitled to retain for personal cultivation any other land, even though the land attached to such farm is less than 50 acres.

      Explanation– For the purposes of this sub-section a cattle farm means a farm of agricultural land which is exclusively reserved for the purposes of breeding cattle, and a stud-farm means a farm of such land exclusively reserved for breeding of horses or mules.

      (8)  A person who owns 25 acres of land or more shall not be selected or given any land as a tenant under sub-section (2), (3), (4) or (5) and no tenant shall be allowed more than 25 acres as such.

      (9)  Government may, by notification in the official gazette, exempt any person or class of persons owning land or any land or class of land from the operation of this section.

      Explanation 1– For the purposes of computing the area for personal cultivation an acre of unirrigated culturable land shall be counted as half an acre and the terms irrigated and unirrigated shall be defined by rules framed by Government under this Act, and if there is in the opinion of the Government any land which does not fall under these two categories, the rules shall prescribe a separate category for it, and shall fix the ratio which such land shall bear in relation to irrigated land for purposes of such computation.

      Explanation 2– For the purposes of this section, land under a garden which is in existence on the date of the coming into force of the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952, and which according to the nature of the trees planted is deemed fully covered, shall not be treated as culturable even though any portion thereof may be fit or actually used for purposes of cultivation. But if a garden is planted in any land after the coming into force of the aforesaid Act, the land thereunder shall be treated as culturable.

      Explanation 3– For the purposes of this section, if land, which according to the provisions of the revenue law for the time being in force is banjar qadeem and is shown in revenue record as such is brought under cultivation or a garden is planted therein, shall continue to be treated as not culturable.

      Explanation 4– For the purposes of this section cultivation through any direct descendant of the person owning land or his wife or servant or hired labour shall be treated as personal cultivation by the said person.

      Explanation 5– For the purposes of this section a mortgagee of land with possession, a tenant of Government land under [181][the Colonization of Government Lands (Punjab) Act, 1912], who has not acquired proprietary rights, a lessee other than a lessee of [182][Government] land, and an allottee whether provisional or permanent of land under the law for the rehabilitation of refugees for the time being in force shall be deemed to be a person owning such land].

 

[183][116. Offences.– (a) If any land-lord–

                   (i)   recovers from any tenant anything in the shape of a cess, village cess or other contribution or due or any other free service in addition to the rent payable in respect of the land held by the latter under the former; or

                  (ii)   recovers from the tenant in lieu of the seed supplied to him anything in excess of the seed actually supplied; or

                 (iii)   ejects a tenant forcibly or against the provisions of law; or

            (b)  if any person owning land contravenes the provisions of section 115; or

            (c)  if any tenant refuses or fails to vacate any land in compliance with an order passed by competent authority–

he shall be guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment of either description which may extend to one year or fine or with both].

 

The Schedule

[Repealed by the Amending Act (XII of 1891),

section 2 (1) and First Schedule]

 



[1]Substituted by the Punjab Laws (Adaptation, Revision and Repeal) Act, 1955 (XV of 1955).

[2]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[3]Added by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

[4]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1950 (XVII of 1950).

[5]Omitted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[6]Substituted ibid., for the figure “1887”.

[7]Substituted by the Central Adaptation of Laws Order, 1964 (P.O. 1 of 1964), for the word “Crown”.

[8]Substituted for the figure “1887” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[9]Ibid.

[10]Substituted by the Central Adaptation of Laws Order, 1964 (P.O. 1 of 1964), for the word “Crown”.

[11]Ibid.

[12]Deleted by the Amending Act, 1891 (XII of 1891).

[13]Substituted for the words “Punjab District Boards Act, 1883, and any, fee leviable under section 33 of that Act from land-owners for the use of, or benefits derived from such works as are referred to in section 20, clauses (i) and (j) of that Act” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[14]The words “Northern India” omitted ibid.

[15]The words “zaildari and” omitted ibid.

[16]Substituted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1950 (XVII of 1950).

[17]Substituted, for “Provincial Government”, by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

[18]Substituted, for the words “by the Crown”, by the Central Adaptation of Laws Order, 1964 (P.O. 1 of 1964).

[19]Substituted ibid., for the words “an officer of the Crown”.

[20]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[21]Ibid.

[22]Inserted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

[23]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[24]Substituted by the Punjab Tenancy (Removal of Doubts and Amendment) Act, 1975 (XXXVIII of 1975). The amendment was made effective from 2nd December, 1974.

[25]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[26]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952) and later substituted by the Punjab Tenancy (Removal of Doubts and Amendment) Act, 1975 (XXXVIII of 1975).

[27]Substituted for the figure “115” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[28]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[29]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[30]Substituted for the figure “56” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[31]Substituted ibid., for the figure “1887”.

[32]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[33]Ibid.

[34]Substituted for the figure “56” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[35]Substituted ibid., for the figure “1887”.

[36]Substituted by the Punjab Tenancy Act, 1887, Amendment Act, 1906 (I of 1906).

[37]Substituted by the Punjab Tenancy Act, 1887, Amendment Act, 1906 (I of 1906).

[38]Added ibid.

[39]Substituted by the West Pakistan Laws (Adaptation) Order, 1964, for the word “Crown”.

[40]Substituted ibid., for the words “any officer of the Crown”.

[41]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[42]Ibid.

[43]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[44]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[45]Inserted by the Amending Act, 1891 (XII of 1891).

[46]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[47]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1929 (V of 1929).

[48]Substituted, for “Local Government”, by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937.

[49]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[50]Substituted by the West Pakistan Laws (Adaptation) Order, 1964, for the word “Crown”.

[51]Substituted ibid., for the words “any servant of Crown”.

[52]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1927 (II of 1927).

[53]Substituted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1951 (IV of 1951).

[54]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952).

[55]Inserted by the Punjab Laws (Adaptation, Revision and Repeal) Act, 1955 (XV of 1955).

[56]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952).

[57]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[58]The words “with the previous sanction of the Governor General in Council” were repealed by the Punjab Courts (Amendment) Act, 1914 (IV of 1914).

[59]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1933 (IV of 1933).

[60]Substituted for the figure “1887” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[61]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[62]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[63]Substituted for the figure “1887” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[64]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1925 (XI of 1925).

[65]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[66]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[67]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1912 (III of 1912).

[68]Substituted, for “Rs. 1,000”, by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 1980 (IX of 1980).

[69]Added by the Punjab Alienation of Land Act, 1900 (XIII of 1900).

[70]The words and comma “, zaildars, inamdars” omitted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[71]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[72]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

  [73]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1977 (IV of 1977).

  [74]The word “other”, deleted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

  [75]Substituted ibid., for “Financial Commissioner”.

  [76]Ibid.

  [77]Substituted for the words “a Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [78]Ibid., for the word “Commissioner”

  [79]Substituted the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

  [80]Substituted for the words “a Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [81]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

[82]Ibid., for “Financial Commissioner”.

[83]Substituted for the words “a Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[84]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

[85]Ibid.

[86]Ibid.

[87]Inserted by the West Pakistan Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 1965 (XXXIV of 1965).

[88]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[89]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[90]Substituted for the words “a Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[91]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[92]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[93]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[94]Added by the West Pakistan Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 1965 (XXXIV of 1965).

[95]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[96]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[97]Substituted ibid.

[98]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[99]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[100]The word “Indian” omitted ibid.

[101]Substituted ibid., for the figure “1877”.

[102]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[103]Substituted ibid., for the word “him”.

  [104]Substituted for the words “A Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [105]The words, “Commissioner or” deleted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

  [106]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [107]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957).

  [108]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [109]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

  [110]Substituted by Act XVIII of 1919, for the words “Chief Court”.

  [111]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for the word “he”.

  [112]Ibid.

[113]Ibid.

[114]Ibid.

[115]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[116]Ibid.

[117]Substituted ibid., for the word “his”.

[118]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[119]For rules under section 85 (1), See Notification No. 77, Pb Gazette (Extraordinary), dated, 1-3-1888, page 79.

[120]Substituted for the figure “1887” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[121]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[122]Ibid.

[123]The words “with the previous sanction of the Governor-General in Council”, deleted by the Punjab Courts (Amendment) Act, 1914 (IV of 1914).

[124]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[125]Substituted ibid., for the word “his”.

[126]Substituted for the word “III” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[127]The word “Indian” omitted ibid.

[128]Substituted ibid., for the figure “1886”.

[129]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[130]Repealed by the Punjab Municipal Act, 1911 (III of 1911), which Act was repealed by the West Pakistan Waqf Properties (Amendment) Ordinance, 1960 (X of 1960), which was subsequently repealed by the Punjab Local Government Act, 1975, which was repealed by the Punjab Local Government Ordinance, 1979, which has since been repealed by the Punjab Local Government Ordinance 2001 (XIII of 2001).

  [131]Substituted by the Punjab Courts Act, 1918 (VI of 1918), for “Divisional Judge”.

  [132]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [133]Substituted by the Punjab Courts Act, 1918 (VI of 1918), for words “Divisional Judge”.

  [134]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

  [135]Substituted by Act XVIII of 1919, for the words “Chief Court”.

  [136]Ibid.

  [137]Ibid.

  [138]Substituted by Act XVIII of 1919, for the words “Chief Court”.

  [139]Ibid

[140]Ibid.

[141]Substituted by Act XVIII of 1919, for the words “Chief Court”.

[142]Ibid.

[143]Ibid.

[144]Ibid.

[145]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[146]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[147]Substituted ibid., for “local official Gazette”.

[148]Inserted by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[149]The words “to the chief executive administration of the district” deleted ibid

[150]Substituted for the words “Local Government”, by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937.

[151]Ibid.

[152]Ibid.

[153]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[154]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[155]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[156]Ibid.

[157]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[158]Substituted for the word “Commissioner” by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Ordinance, 2001 (LVI of 2001). Under Article 5A of the Provisional Constitution Order 1999 (I of 1999), as amended, read with Article 270AA of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973, it shall not be subject to any limitation as to duration prescribed in the Constitution.

[159]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[160]Substituted by Act XVIII of 1919, for “Chief Court”.

[161]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[162]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[163]Ibid., for the word “him”.

[164]Ibid., for “Financial Commissioner”.

[165]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[166]Substituted by the Punjab Courts (Amendment) Act, 1914 (IV of 1914), for “not take effect until they have been sanctioned by”.

[167]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[168]The words, “to the control of the Governor General in Council and”, deleted by the Devolution Act, 1920 (XXXVIII of 1920).

[169]Substituted by the West Pakistan (Adaptation and Repeal of Laws) Act, 1957 (XVI of 1957), for “Financial Commissioner”.

[170]Repealed by the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1967 (XVII of 1967).

[171]Substituted by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937, as amended by the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Supplementary Order, 1937, for “Local Government”.

[172]Section 113 added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1950 (XVII of 1950).

[173]Added by the Punjab Laws (Adaptation, Revision and Repeal) Act, 1954 (XV of 1955).

[174]Numbered by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952).

[175]Added ibid.

[176]Ibid.

[177]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Removal of Doubts and Amendment) Act, 1975 (XXXVIII of 1975).

[178]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Removal of Doubts and Amendment) Act, 1975 (XXXVIII of 1975).

[179]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952).

[180]Now “Federal Government”, see P.O. 4 of 1975.

[181]Substituted by the Punjab Laws (Adaptation, Revision and Repeal) Act, 1954 (XV of 1955), for “Colonization of Crown Lands Act, 1912”.

[182]Substituted by the Central Adaptation of Laws Order, 1964 (P.O. 1 of 1964), for “Crown”.

[183]Added by the Punjab Tenancy (Amendment) Act, 1952 (VII of 1952).